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房产税真的要来了,房价会因此下跌吗?

摘要: 彩票平台 房产税是抑制房地产投机、调控国民收入、保障经济稳健发展的重要手段,但也难免有自己的边界和局限。

图片来源@视觉中国

tupianlaiyuan@shijuezhongguo

wen | suningjinrongyanjiuyuan,zuozhe | chenjianing(suningjinrongyanjiuyuangaojiyanjiuyuan)

jinri,zhonggongzhongyang、guowuyuanfabude《guanyuxinshidaijiakuaiwanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhideyijian》zhongtidao“wentuotuijinfangdichanshuilifa”,bodongledajiamingandeshenjing。

fangchanshuizhendeyaolailema?fangjiahuiyincixiadiema?fangchanshuiduiputonglaobaixingdeshenghuohuiyounaxieyingxiang?bizhechangshicongjingjixuedejiaodujinxingjiedu。

千呼万唤始出来,犹抱琵琶半遮面

彩票平台shouxianxuyaochengqingyixia。zaixianshishenghuozhong,taolun“fangchanshuiyaolailema”shiyigeweimingti,yinweifangchanshuiqishiyizhidoucunzaiyunicaipiaopingtaishenbian,zhibuguogenjumuqiandezhengce,duiyu“gerensuoyoufeiyingyeyongdefangchan”defangchanshuizanshimianyuzhengshoueryi。

caipiaopingtaiguodangqiandefangchanshuizhengshouyijushi1986niande《zhonghuarenmingongheguofangchanshuizanxingtiaoli》。genju《tiaoli》,chulebaokuo“gerensuoyoufeiyingyeyongdefangchan”dengruoganleimianshuifangchan,qitadefangchanmeiniandouyinggai“yizhaofangchanyuzhi”de1.2%,huozhe“yizhaofangchanzujinshouru”de12%jisuanzhengshouxiangguandefangchanshui。shenghuozhong,dajiajingchangguangdezonghexingshangchao,shangbanchurudexiezilouhecheku,doushuyufangchanshuidezhengshuifanchou。

genjubeijingshicaizhengjudeshuju,1999niandao2019nian20nianshijianli,beijingshidifangcaizhengzhongfangchanshuishourucong14.53yiyuanzengzhangdao354.43yiyuan,zengzhangchaoguo24bei。

zhiyuweishenmedui“gerensuoyoufeiyingyeyongdefangchan”defangchanshuizanbuzhengshou,zheiyu1986nian《fangchanshuizanxingtiaoli》lifashideshehuiheshichangzhuangkuangyouguan。yifangmian,dangshigaigekaifangfangxingweiai,fangdichanshichanghejiaoyibingbuchengshu,dabufenchengzhenrenkouhaishizhuzaidanweifenpeidefangzili,bingbuyongyouchanquan,xianggerenzhuzhaizhengshoufangchanshuidejichubingbucunzai;lingyifangmian,dangshigerenshourushuipingyouxian,yebujubeizhengshougerenzhuzhaifangchanshuidetiaojian。

shiguojingqian,34nianhoudejintian,caipiaopingtaiguofangdichanshichangyijingjinfeixibi,rijianchengshu。

zaifalvtixifangmian,yi2007nianbanbude《wuquanfa》weishoudeyixiliefalvguifanhesifajieshi,weigerenzhuzhaiquequanhebaohu,jiaoyiguochengzhongdedingfenzhizhengtigongleyoulibaozhang。

zaishichangcaipiaopingtaifangmian,chulezhengfuzhudaodeshichangjianguanjiguan、dengjijiguanwai,shentourushequdegeleifangdichanzhongjiejigou、fangchanjiazhipinggujigou、fafangfangdichandaikuandejinrongjigoudengweifangchanjiaoyijinxingleyouxiaozhichi。

zaishichangguimofangmian,genjuyangxingqianbujiufabudeyanjiubaogao,zhongguochengzhenjuminjiatinghujunzongzichan317.9wanyuan,jiatingzichanyishiwuzichanweizhu,zhufangzhanbijinqicheng。

彩票平台zuihou,juminbudongchandengjixitongdexinxihuahequanguolianwang,yeweifangchanshuidezhengjitigonglejichusheshifangmiandebaozhang。

彩票平台lingwai,congfangchanshuishouruzhancaizhengshourudebililaikan,caipiaopingtaiguodebilipiandi。yibeijingweili,2019nian354yiyuandefangchanshuishouru,jinzhanbeijingdifangcaizhengshourude6%,erxiangguanzhanbizaimeiguozechaoguo40%。

zongheyishangfenxi,congmuqianfangdichanshichangfazhandechengshudu,jieheguojishangdejingyan,muqianyijingjubeilexianggerenzhuzhaizhengshuidejibentiaojian,danshi,“qianhuwanhuanshichulai,youbaopipabanzhemian”,heshikaizheng,ruheshejizhengshuizhengceshiyigexuyaolifazhementantaoheyanjiudewenti,fangchanshuidelifaheluodihaixuyaoyidingshijian。

开征住宅房产税对普通人影响不大

彩票平台genjuqianwendefenxi,jiranweilaikenengduigerenzhuzhaikaizhengfangchanshui,neimezhuzhaifangchanshuikaizhengduilaobaixingdeshenghuoyingxiangdama?congmuqianshoujidaodexinxifenxi,duiputonglaobaixingdeyingxiangbuda,liyouyousan:

yishi“muqianshidianzhengcejinzhenduigaoduanjuzhuxuqiuzhengshoufangchanshui”。zaozai2011nian1yue28ri,shanghaihezhongqingfenbiekaishilezhenduigerenzhuzhaifangchanshuishidian。zaizhengshidefangchanshuilifachutaizhiqian,liangdideshidianzhengshuizhengceshiyouyidingdaibiaoxingde,yefanyinglezhengcezhidingzheduiyuzhuzhaifangchanshuidedingweihetaidu。

tongguoduiliangdishidianzhengshuizhengcedefenxi,keyifaxianzhengshuiduixiang、zhengshuifangshiheshuilvfangmian,liangdizhengcelveyouchabie,danhexinlinianshiyiyangde——jinzhenduigaoduanjuzhuxuqiuzhengshoufangchanshui。

ruzaishanghai,jinzhenduishanghaijumindediertaofang,erqiejiatingquanbuzhufangrenjunmianjichaoguo60pingmide,duishuxingouzhufangchaochubufendemianjizhengshui。duiyuyigedianxingdesankouzhijia,jiuyiweizhe180pingmidemianshuimianji,putonglaobaixingjibenshangshigouyongdele。erduiyulveyouchaochudeneibufenmianji,anzhao0.6%deshuilvzhengshui,yaliyebusuanda。

yushanghaitongguorenjunjuzhumianjilaiquedingnashuiduixiangbutong,zhongqingzetongguofangjiagaodilaihuadingxuyaozhengshuidegaodangzhuzhai。zaizhongqing,yingshuidegaodangzhufangshizhi“jianzhumianjijiaoyidanjiadadaoshangliangnianzhuchengjiuquxinjianshangpinzhufangchengjiaojianzhumianjijunjia2bei(han)yishangdezhufang”。erqiemeinian1yue1ri,zhongqinghaihuigenjufangjiazoushi,shangdiaoqizhengjiage。2020nian,zhuchengqugerenxingougaodangzhufangshizhichengjiaojianzhumianjijiagedadao19587yuan/pingfangmijiyishangdezhufang,ergenjuwinddeshuju,2020nian4yue,zhongqingshizhuzhaichengjiaojunjiashi1.3wan/pingfangmi,zheiyeyiweizhedabufendezhuzhaijiaoyijiagedouluozaiqizhengjiagezhixia,wuxunashui。jiangnashuigenfangjiabangding,yejieshilezhongqingweishenmeshiquanguofangjiazuiwendingdechengshizhiyi。

彩票平台ershi“fangchanshuixiangguandelifahetuiguangshangxushiri”。shouxian,fangchanshuidezhengshuimudeshangzaitaolunzhong,daodishishixing“diaojie”weimudede“zhaishuiji”fangdichanshui(rushanghai、zhongqingmoshi),haishiyi“qudecaizhengshouru”weimudede“kuanshuiji”fangdichanshui,zanshihaiweimingque。

彩票平台qici,genju《lifafa》,fangchanshuilifayouzheyangedechengxu,congtian,daotijiaorendachangweihuidesancishenyi,zaidaozuizhongbiaojuetongguo,zhenggeguochengxuyaoyidingdeshijian。ruguoguochengzhongcunzaizhengyi,zexuyaogengzhangdeshijianlaixiugaihexiediao。zuihou,kaolvdaozhuzhaifangchanshuiyingxiangjuda,bupaichugengduotuiguangheshidiandekaizhan,ruciyexuyaogengzhangdeshijianqumosuoheshiying。

sanshi“caipiaopingtaiguoyigongzufang、lianzufang、gongchanfangweizhudebaozhangxingzhufangtixizhubuwanshan”。chulegoufang,caipiaopingtaiguoriyiwanshandegongzufang、lianzufang、gongchanfangdengbaozhangxingzhufangtixidejianli,weilaobaixingdeanjuleyetigonglegengduodexuanxiang。xianranduiyubaozhangxingzhufangtixibucunzaifangchanshui。

彩票平台lingwai,genjumuqianshanghaihezhongqingdeshidianfangan,“duifangchanshuishidianzhengshoudeshouru,yongyubaozhangxingzhufangcaipiaopingtaidengfangmiandezhichu”。ruci,fangchanshuibudanbuhuiyingxiangdaoputonglaobaixingdeanjuleye,haizhulibaozhangxingzhufangtixidecaipiaopingtai,jiangqidaozhifuzhuanyi、bangfuruoshiquntidezuoyong。

zongheyishangfenxi,keyipanduanbencitaolundezhuzhaifangchanshuizhidubuhuiyingxiangputonglaobaixingdeanjuleye。erduiyuguodushiyongganggan、hongtaifangjiadetoujike,fangchanshuidechutai,dailaichaofangchengbendejijuzengjia,bupaichukenengchengweiyadaoluotuodezuihouyigendaocao。

不要高估房产税的降房价作用

jiranzhuzhaifangchanshuiduiputonglaobaixingdeshenghuoyingxiangbuda,queyouzheyizhifangdichantoujidezuoyong。neime,shibushifangchanshuidechutaihuiyinfafangjiaxiajiangni?bizherenwei,fangchanshuidechutaihuiyizhifangjiadegaosuzengzhang,danyebuyaogaoguqizaijiangfangjiafangmiandezuoyong。

彩票平台zaifenxizheigewentiqian,shouxianjieshao“shuishouzhuanyi”xiaoying——shuifufudanbuyidingyounashuirenchengdan,zuizhonghuizhuanjiajidanxingzuixiaodequnti,zheilisuoweidanxingxiao,jiushineixiemeiyouxuanzequandegangxuqunti。zaici,caipiaopingtaiyongxiamianzheizhangtulaijieshi。

彩票平台zaiwushuidetiaojianxia,xiaofeizhehechangshangdejiaoyiyinggaizaixuqiuhegongjiquxiandejiaochadiandadaojunheng。kaishizhengshuihou,chengjiaoliangkaishixiajiang,xiaofeizhexuyaohuafeigenggaodejiagejinxingmairu,erchangshangquefaxianzijideshourukaishijiangdi,zhijiandechajia(hongseshixianbufen)jiweishuifufudan,zuizhongyouxiaofeizhehechangshangfendan。zaizheizhangtuzhong,xiaofeizhededanxinggengxiao(fanyingzaixuqiuquxianshang,jiushigengdouyixie: suizhejiagedeshangzhang,xiaofeizhedexuqiuliangbianhuabuda),yedaozhilexiaofeizhefendanledabufendeshuifu。

zaici,bazheilidechangshanghuanchengdachengshichengzhongcunlineixieshouzude“fangshufangjie”men,jielunyeshichabuduode。xiangbi“fangshufangjie”men,zuhudedanxinggengxiao,dangefangdongzhangzujin,zuhukeyikaolvhuangebianyidedifangquzhu,danruguofangchanshuidezhuanyixiaoyingzaochengzhenggediqushenzhichengshidezujinpubianshangzhang,zezuhuchulemomochengshoushuifudezhuanyihuozhelikaigaidi,meiyoutaiduodexuanze。

dangranfangchanshuifushifouhuizhuanyi,zaiduodachengdushangzhuanyi,haiyaokanxiashusanzhongqingkuang:

(1)fangchanshuidezhengshoujizhi。ru“kuanshuiji”pubianxingzhengshoubi“zhaishuiji”diaojiexingzhengshouduizujinshangzhang、shuishouzhuanjiadeyingxianggengda。

(2)baozhangxingzhufangcaipiaopingtaiqingkuang。baozhangxingzhufangrangzufangzheyougengduodexuanze,yejiangdiletamenfendanfangchanshuifudekenengxing。

彩票平台(3)zhengfudeganyuchengdu。fangchanshuidediaojieduixiangbenlaishi“fangshufangjie”men,ruguotongguozujinshangzhangzhuanyidaoledanxinggengxiaodezufangrenquntoushangkendingshibuheshide,bupaichuzhengfukenenghuicaiquyixieganyucuoshi。

lingwai,shidianzhong0.6%deshuilvyeshidefangchanshuiduiyu“fangshufangjie”deyingxiangyebuda。genjuyijufangdichanyanjiuyuanfabu《2020nianyijidu50chengzujinshouyilvyanjiubaogao》xianshi,2020nianyijidu,50gedianxingchengshizujinpingjunshouyilvwei2.4%,yuangaoyushidianfangchanshuishuilv。gujishibuzhangfangzu,0.6%defangchanshuijinshide“fangshufangjie”dezujinshouruxiajiang,buyingxiangtamenjixuchiyoufangchanheshouzu。

zuihou,zuoweizijinshiligengxionghoudequnti,bupaichu“fangshufangjie”menkenengqingzhuanyedehuijishihelvshijinxingjiaoyijigousheji,hefabishui,jinerxueruofangchanshuidediaojiezuoyong。

zongheyishangfenxi,fangchanshuishiyizhifangdichantouji、diaokongguominshouru、baozhangjingjiwenjianfazhandezhongyaoshouduan,danyenanmianyouzijidebianjiehejuxian。caipiaopingtaiqidaizhezaishenshenzhidingshuishouzhengcedetongshi,dahaozhengcezuhequan,peihegengduodegongju(rubaozhangxingzhufangzhengce、rencaiyinjinzhengcedeng),ranggengduorenanjuleye,xingfushenghuo。

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苏宁金融研究院
苏宁金融研究院

suningjinrongyanjiuyuan,suningjinrongjituanqixiadaxingzhuanyeyanjiujigou,jujiaojinrongkeji、zhinengtougu、xiaofeijinrong、xiaoweijinrong、xinchanyeyuquyujingjidengyanjiulingyu,tigongzhuanyepeixun、zhuanxingzixun、jinrongkejishuchudengcaipiaopingtai。

评论(3

  • 彩票平台meiyong,huiyougezhongtaoshuishouduan,xinxibutouming

    2019-05-26 22:47 via android
  • meiyong,huiyougezhongtaoshuishouduan,xinxibutouming

    2019-05-26 22:47 via android
  • kankan

    2019-05-26 09:50 via pc

Oh! no

彩票平台ninshifouquerenyaoshanchugaitiaopinglunma?

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