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美国“卡脖子”的技术清单中,EDA软件如何突围?

摘要: 要做好长期承受苦痛的心理准备。

图片来源@视觉中国

tupianlaiyuan@shijuezhongguo

wen | naojiti

彩票平台shigeyinian,5yue15ri,meiguozhengfuzaicidongyongguojialilianglaifengshahuawei。yuqunian“516shitiqingdan”deyingxiangxiangbi,zheiyicidedajigengweijingzhunhechedi。

jiandanshuo,jiushiruguoquanshijieyounajiabandaotiqiye,yaoweihuaweishengchanxinpian,jiuxuyaoxianhuodemeiguodexuke。

彩票平台weishenmemeiguozhengfukeyiguandezheimekuan?yinweiquanshijiewulunnayijiabandaotiqiyedouzaihuoduohuoshaoshiyongzhemeiguoqiyederuanjianhejishu。zheijiushisuoweide“zhangbeiguanxia”。

彩票平台nandaozhongguodebandaotiqiyeyeyaoshouciyueshuma?lilunshanglaishuoshizheiyangde,yinweicaipiaopingtaiguodebandaotichanyelianzhongyixiedicengjishuzhinengcaiyongmeiguodejishu。

meiguociciduihuaweixinpianchanyedequanmianxianzhishengji,hangaixinpianshejideshangyouruanjian、xinpianzhizaodeshangyoushebeiyijidangqianzuizhuyaodeyoutaijidiandaigongshengchande7nmdexinpianzhizao。meiguoshangwubuduihuaweixinpianchanyeliansuoyouhuanjiekeweishijinxingleyicidingdianshijingzhundaji。

shoudangqichongdedeshixinpianshejideshangyouedaruanjian。suiranhuaweikeyishejixinpian,danshiicshejidegaoduanruanjianedagongjurengranjibenshangyoucadence、synopsys、mentorsanjiameiguogongsilongduan。erzaizhongguoshichang,zheisanjiaedaruanjiangongsigengshizhanjule95%deshichangfene。

彩票平台jiuhuaweilaishuo,ziqunian516zhihou,meiguozheisandaedachangshangyuhuaweidehezuoyijingxianhouzhongzhi。zheiyiweizhe,huaweizineiyihouzaimeiyouhuodexingongjuhexinshengjicaipiaopingtai,danshikeyijixushiyonghuaweiyijinggoumaihehuodeshouquandeedagongju。yejiushishuo,muqianhuaweihaisihaikeyicaiyonglaobanbenedazuoicsheji。

ranerzhangqilaikan,edaruanjiandeguochanhuatidaishizaibixing。youfenxizherenwei,meiguodejishuxianzhizhengzaijicaipiaopingtaiguoguochanedaruanjiandefazhandailaijiyu。

彩票平台huasuiruci,caipiaopingtaiyebixuqingxingdirenshidaozhongmeiliangguozaiedaruanjianshangmiandejishuchaju,yijiguochanhuatidaidenandu。dantongshicaipiaopingtaiyeyaofangqi“tuoxietoujiang”dehuanxiang,xunqiujishutuweidekeneng。

EDA软件为什么重要?

ruguobaxinpianzhizaobizuojianzaoyizuodashadehua,icshejijiushidashadeshejituzhi,edaruanjianjiushizheizhangtuzhideshejigongju,zhibuguoedaruanjianbijianzhushejiruanjiandefuzaduyaogaochungeshuliangji。

edashidianzishejizidonghua(electronics design automation)dejiancheng,shizaidianzicadjishujichushangfazhanqilaidejisuanjifuzhushejiruanjianxitong,rongheleyingyongdianzijishu、jisuanjijishu、xinxichulijizhinenghuajishudezuixinchengguo,jinxingdianzichanpindezidongsheji。

彩票平台liyongedagongju,dianzishejishikeyiconggainian、suanfa、xieyidengkaishishejidianzixitong,bingkeyijiangdianzichanpincongdianlusheji、xingnengfenxidaoshejichuicbantuhuopcbbantudezhenggeguocheng,zaijisuanjishangzidongchuliwancheng。edajishukeyiguangfanyingyongyudianzi、tongxin、hangkonghangtian、jixiedengduogelingyu。

彩票平台suizhejichengdianlujishufazhan,edaruanjianyuelaiyuebeiyejiedengtongyu “xinpianshejiruanjiangongju”dedaimingci。

yejiushishuo,edaruanjianshixinpianshejidezhongyaogongju,danyouyuxinpianshejidefuzagongyi、jingxihuafengongheduojishuzonghe,edaruanjianbingbushidanzhiyigehuojigeruanjian,ershishejijinbaizhongbutongdejishu,hangaiduozhong“diangongju”deruanjiangongjujiqun。

edaruanjiankeyijidaditigaoxinpianshejidexiaolv,tongshizaixinpianzhizao、fengcehuanjieyeyouyingyong。edayubandaoticailiao、shebeigongtonggouchengjichengdianludesandajichu。rujindeyikexinpianshangmian,zhishaoshuyidaoshushiyiyishangdejingtiguan,shejiguochengzhongxuyaojinxingchixudemoniheyanzheng,zheixieguochengdoulibukaiedaruanjian。meiyoueda gongju,shuipingzaigaodexinpianshejishiyemeiyouyongwuzhidi。

彩票平台congedazaixinpianshejihezhizaoshangfahuidejichuxingzuoyongshangkan,qizhongyaoxingshibuyaneryude;ercongedaruanjiandefuzadushanglaikan,qijishushixiannanduyoushifeichangdade。

彩票平台jutilaishuo,zaixinpiandeqianduanshejizhong,baohanlexinpianguigedezhidinghexiangxisheji、hdlbianma、fangzhenyanzheng、luojizonghe、jingtaishixufenxi(sat)yijixingshiyanzheng;erhouduanshejizhong,baohanlekecexingsheji(dft)、bujuguihua(floorplan)、shizhongshuzonghe(cts)、buxian(place & route)、jishengcanshutiquyijibantuwuliyanzhengdengdeng……

congshangmianzheixieshejiliuchengsuoshiyongdegongjushanglaikan,tajihudoubeicadence、synopsys、mentorsanjiameiguogongsilongduan,zheikenengranghenduohuyuedaruanjianjinkuaiguochanhuaderenmengandaoshiwang。

彩票平台neime,caipiaopingtaiguodeedadeguochanhuatidaidaodimianlinnaxietiaozhanni?

EDA国产化替代面临哪些难题?

彩票平台caipiaopingtaishouxianyaolijieedachanyedetedian。edashijichengdianluchanyeliandangzhongjiqizhongyaodeguanjianjichuhuanjie,danyoushichanzhixiangduijiaoxiaodeyigegaodujizhonghuadechanyehuanjie。

2018nianxiangduiyujinwuqianyimeijindexinpianchanye,zhenggeeda deshichangguimojinwei97.15 yimeiyuan。erqizhongyou70%deshichangfenedouyoueda sanjutousynopsys、cadence heximenziqixiadementor graphics zhanju。quanqiuedachanyeyijingxingchenglesanjutougongsiguatoulongduangeju,zaizhongguoshichangshang,edadeshichangfenezhongsanjutougengshizhandaole95%yishang,jizhongdugenggao。

彩票平台zheibujinjidadejiyalecaipiaopingtaiguoedachanyedefazhankongjian,tongshiyeyanzhongyingxianglecaipiaopingtaiguoedaruanjiandeguochanhuadeyanfajiezou。90niandai,dangmeiguojiechuleduizhongguodeedajinlingzhihou,meiguodexianjindeedaruanjianxunsulaihua,yilugongchenglvedi,zhishizhongguoganggangqibudeedazizhuyanfadejiezoubeidaluan,“shichanghuanjishu”chengweilecihoushijiniandelujingyilai。

yumeiguogaoduan、chengshudeedachanyelianxiangbi,caipiaopingtaiguozaiedachanyefazhanshangmianyounaxienandianni?

shouxianshijishumenjian。edagongjushiyige“duogongju”zuchengderuanjianjiqun,muqiancaipiaopingtaiguodeqiyezaibufengongjushangshixianletupo,danmuqianzaiwanzhengkeyongdequanliuchenggongjulianshang,haixuyaogengduodejishujilei,erzheibingfeiduanqizhineijiunengwancheng。

彩票平台qicishijishujichengdugao。edashixinpianshejigongsi、jingyuanchang、edaruanjianshangzhangqixiezuodechengguo,xuyaodaliangderencaitouru、shuxueyouhuahejingyanjilei,bingfeiyichaoyixikeyicuerjiu。muqianxuduoedaqiyebujintigongedaruanjian,tongshiyetigongipsheji,jinengjiangdichengben,younengtongguokaifayixiedingzhihuaedagongnenglaitigaoipzhiliang,chengweidangqianzhuyaoliuxingdemoshi。caipiaopingtaiguozaixianjinzhichengshangmiandejichengshejinenglixianzhuluohouyuguowai2-3dai。

zaicishirencaimenjian。zaiedaruanjianyanfarencaifangmian,guoneisheliedazhuanyedegaoxiaobutaiduo,erqiehulianwanghejinrongxingyexiyinledaliangderuanjiankaifarencai,daozhiedaruanjianyanfarencaiyanzhongbuzu。

zuihou,caipiaopingtaiguozaiedajishudezhishichanquanbaohushangmianyejidaijiaqiang。

彩票平台muqian,edachengweicaipiaopingtaiguobandaotixingyeshixianzizhukekongdeguanjianpingjing。zaiedaruanjianlingyu,caipiaopingtaiguoyiyongyouhuadajiutian、guangliwei、xinhekeji、lanhaiwei、jiutongfangwei、bodawei、gailundianzi、kejingda、chuanglianzhiruandengqiye,xuyaozaikefuyishangdenantizhong,shixianyou“dian”dao“mian”dequanmiantupo。

EDA软件国产化替代如何破局?

caipiaopingtaixiankandangqianxianzhuang。qunian516shitiqingdanshijianqian,huaweihuodeledangshibanbenedagongjudeyongjiushouquan。youyuzheixieedaruanjiannenggoulingxianshijixinpianzhizaogongyiliangsannian,suoyiduanqineiedajinlingduihuaweidexinpianshejibuhuiyoutaidayingxiang。

彩票平台ranerruguoyinweijishuchukoujinlingdechixu,huaweiwufadedaogengxinshengjideedaxinbanbengongju,jiangjidazhiyuehuaweizaigenggaoduandexinpianjishudediedaifazhan。bujiuqian,huaweichangshiyuyifabandaoti(stm.n)lianheshejixinpian,qizhongyigemudeyeshixianghuodeedashejijishu,yizhaodaomeiguojishujinlingzhiwaidejishubeian,danshisuizhezheilunzhicaijiaju,zheiyihezuoyekenengzhongzhi。

muqian,huaweizhinengjiang14nmdexinpianzhizaodingdanzhuanyijiguoneidezhongxinguoji。erzaizai5nmhe7nmxinpianzhizaoshang,zhongxinguojiyiranluohouyutaijidiandejishuhegongyi。zheiqizhongyigehendayuanyinhaishizaiyuweizhongxinguojitigongxinpianshejiruanjiandeguoneichangshang,wufazaigaoduanxinpiandeshejishangmianshixiantupo。

congzhangyuanlaikan,caipiaopingtaiguoedaruanjiandeguochantidaifanganshizaibixing。meiguoxinyilunjishuxianzhideshengjifanerjiandinglecaipiaopingtaiguobandaotichanyezizhuhuadejuexinhesudu。eryixilieyinsuyezaiqiaorantuidongcaipiaopingtaiguoedaruanjianchanyedefazhanhepoju。

shouxian,guoneideedalingjunqiyezhengzaidedaolaiziguojiahetouzijigoudeduoxiangzizhuhezhanlvetouzi。

彩票平台jiuzai5yue15riwan,zhongxinguojifabugonggaocheng,guojiajichengdianlujijinerqiyijishanghaijichengdianlujijinerqiduizhongxinnanfangfenbiezhuzi15yi、7.5yimeiyuan。cijujiangjidadikuochong14namijingyuandechanneng。

彩票平台tongyangguojiayezaijiadaduiedachanyedeziyuanqingxielidu,tuidongedaruanjiandezizhuhuafazhan。qizhong,guoweishenzhendezhuanxiangziketi“xinpianshejiquanliuchengedaxitongkaifayuyingyong”(“gaixiangmu”)yihuoguojiazhongdakejizhuanxianglixiang,jianghuodegaixiangmugongjiyue4yiyuanzizhu。erzuoweibentuzuidadeedagongsihuadajiutianjinjinianyeyihuodecaipiaopingtaiguogeleitouzijigoudeduodashuyiyuandeduoluntouzi。

zaizhengcefuchishangmian,mianduiguoneiedaruanjianwurenshiyongdezhuangkuang,jiyuguoneiedaruanjianyidingdecaigouqingxie。biru,jinrishenzhenyinfade《guanyujiakuaijichengdianluchanyefazhanruogancuoshi》,qizhongtuichushougeguoneimingquezhichiedayanfadezhengce,baokuoedayanfadezizhujiangli,goumaiguochanedaruanjiandefeiyongbutiedeng。

qici,zaishichangcengmian,guoneiicchanyedexinfazhanyeweiguochanedaruanjiandefazhandailaiyidingjiyu。

彩票平台guoneixinpianmuqianpubiancaiyongdedoushi12nm、7nmdengxingongyi,poqieyaoqiuguoneiedaruanjianyanfachukeyipimeiguojidachangdechanpin。zhiyouzaijiyuzuixianjingongyideshejizhong,caiyoukenengfaxianliuchengdequexianheqianzaidechanpinjihui。dangran,zheiduiguoneiicshejideqiyetichuleyidingtiaozhan,danzaimeiguosuishikeyi“kabozi”deqingkuangxia,caipiaopingtaibixuyaofuchuyixieshicuochengbenlaituidongguochanedaruanjiandejinbu。

彩票平台xiangaixinpian、iotxinpiandengxinyingyongxingqi,duixianyouedaxingyehexinpianshejiliuchengdailailexindetiaozhan,tongshiyejizhongxiaoedagongsidailailehenduoxindejishuyanjiufangxiang,chengweitamentupoedajutouyoushibileidexinjihui。

disan, aijishuzuoweixinbianliangzhengzaiweiguoneiicshejidailaitupo。

jinri,gugejiuzaiyunyongaisuanfalaixuexixinpiandeguihuabuju,congerzaigengduanshijiannei,keyishejichuchaoyuerengongshejidechanpin。ertongyang,aijishuyezhengzaiedagongsizhongbeiguangfancaiyong。biru,huadajiutiantuichudeempyrean mcfly,jiushiyongaidesuanfajiasuipyanzheng,tongguoaixuexiyiqiandeipanli,duixindeipjinxingyanzheng,yanzhengjingdudadao99%zuoyou。

lingwai,ruguocaipiaopingtaiyaozhanzaigengzhangyuandejiaodulaikandaizheiyicimeiguode“duanxin”shijian,caipiaopingtaijiubixuyishidaowanshandejishuchuangxindechanquanbaohuhechengshuderencaipeiyangjizhi,caishicaipiaopingtaiguonenggoushixianhexinjishuzhangwozaizijishoulidegenbenfangfa。

zuihou,caipiaopingtaihaiyaolengjingdiyishidao,edaruanjianyijiqitaxinpianzhizaodexiangguanhexinjishudeguochantidai,jueduibushiyijianshuidaoquchengdeshiqing。xiangyixiangribenbandaotidexingshengheshuailuo,jiushicaipiaopingtaideqianchezhijian。

congduanqilaikan,xianyouguowaiedaruanjiandejinyongbuhuiduihuaweizaochengzhimingxingdeyingxiang,danshishoumeiguozhenggebandaotijishuxianzhishengji,huaweizemianlingengxiongxiandejumian。jijiboyihexunqiu“beitai”chengweidangxiayaotongshijinxingdeliangshouzhunbei。

congzhangyuanlaikan,guojiajiyeneibunengzaiduimeiguobaoyou“tuoxie”he“qiufangguo”dehuanxiang。chanyegejiebixunachunaixinhejuexinlaitourujichukexuehehexinjishudefazhanyuyanfadangzhong。

erzaizheitiaogengjiajiannandedaolushang,caipiaopingtaiguodexinpianchanyeyijixiangguandekejichanye,yaozuohaozhangqichengshoukutongdexinlizhunbei。duiyuedaruanjianchanye,gengshiruci。

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