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头顶45亿美金债务的AMC,亚马逊会轻易接盘吗?

摘要: 但AMC身上背负的巨额债务足以吓退所有的收购者。

图片来源@视觉中国

tupianlaiyuan@shijuezhongguo

wen | xinwenhuashangye,zuozhe | qianshui,bianji | amy wang

彩票平台genjus&pquanqiushichangqingbaogongsi(s&p global market intelligence)shuju,quanqiuzuidadedianyingyuanyunyingshangamc entertainment (nyse: amc)degujiazai4yuefenbiaoshengle55.7% 。yingyuanzuoweishoucovid-19daliuxingdajizuiyanzhongdexingyezhiyi,amcdegujiacengzai3yuefenbaodiele50%,guoshancheshidegujiazoushilvshangbaoduan。

事实上早在今年3月,AMC已经成为破产候选人。新文化商业(Ent-Biz)此前曾对AMC的财务状况做过详细分析,详情可穿越(降薪、裁员、停租后,全球第二大院线AMC仍破产在即)。随着新冠疫情在全球爆发,AMC收入几乎降为零,再加上负债累累,现金流匮乏,该公司被华尔街分析师下了破产的预言。

deyiyusiyuefenyihoudeliangcidashijian,gujiadeyiqisihuisheng。diyijianshi,amcchoujidaole5yimeiyuandeyouxianzhaiwu,gaizhaiwuyu2025niandaoqi,lilvwei10.5%。haowuyiwen,zheishiyibifeichangangguidezhaiwu,buguoweiamcyingdelebaoguideshijian。ciqianfenxishicengyuce“zaimeiyoushourudeqingkuangxia,gaigongsimeiyuexianjinxiaohaoyuewei1.55yimeiyuan,xianjinzhigouzhichengqidao 6yuezhi7yue。”amczaiyifenwenjianzhongbiaoshi,youxianzhaijiangshigongsideliudongxingyanzhangzhiganenjie。

彩票平台dierjianshiyamaxunshougouamcdechuanyan,zheiduiamclaishuoshibigaolilvdaikuangengweirangtouzirenzhenfendexiaoxi。buguomuqianshuangfangdouweiduishougouzuochuhuiying,shenzhiyoumeitizhichuzhishixinwenbaodaodewulongshijian。buguo,tongguogefangmianfenxi,yamaxunshougouamcbingfeikongxuelaifeng,ershiduishuangfanglaishuodoushibijiaohelideshangyexuanze。danshilixiangyouduofengman,xianshijiuyouduogugan,amcshenshangbeifudejuezhaiwuzuyihetuisuoyoudeshougouzhe。

假入亚马逊和AMC结合,会如何?

dianzishangwujutouyamaxun (nasdaq: amzn)guoquduidianyingyebiaoxianchunongliedexingqu。2010nian,amazon studioschengli,qishiamazondezigongsi,zhuanmencongshidianshilianxujudefaxinghedianyingdefaxingyuzhizuo。amazon studiosshengchandeneirongtongguoyingyuanheyamaxundeshuzishipinliucaipiaopingtaiprime videojinxingfenfa,shinetflixhedisney +dengcaipiaopingtaidejingzhengduishou。2017nian,《haibiandemanchesite》huodeaosikazuijiayingpiantiminghezuijiananzhujiaojiang,chengweiyamaxunshenzhizhenggeliumeitizaidianyingyeshangdebiaozhishijian。gaigongzuoshimeinianbaochichaoguo20budedianyingjihua。

ruguoyamaxunshougouamc,yamaxunjiangchengweidianyingjiedezhuka。yongyoufangyingdianyingdenenglijiangshitamenyouzigehuodehaolaiwuderenhejiangxiang,tongshiamcdeyonghuhaiyoukenengyuyamaxunfufeidingyueyonghudatong。

彩票平台zaiqunian,suizhewandapaoshouamcgufenhexinrenlingdaorendadaokuofudegaige,amccaiwuxianghao,shenzhiyiduyoulechangzhainengli,xiangqingkechuanyue(zaowandapaoshouhouyinian,amcyinglaizhuanji)。dansuizheyiqingdaolai,yiqiehuaweiwuyou。

zhisuoyishuoyamaxunshougouamcshiyoukenengde,shiyinweiciqianamcshourushizengjiade。zhifuzhangdan,yuangonghezujinhou,tashenzhihaichanshengleyingyelirun。zheigeshumubuduo,danshiduiyudianyingyelaishuo,yingyelirunlvzai2%dao5%zhijianhenzhengchang,yinweidianyingyejiangqidabufenpiaofangshourudouliujilehaolaiwu。

虽然对于亚马逊或任何其他潜在的收购者而言,收购AMC 对于称霸后疫情时代的电影业有着举足轻重的意义,但也不会忽视掉AMC在近三年累计的48亿美金法律债,收购意味着要先帮它还债

zhongsuozhouzhi,fuzhaiduiyushangyegongsieryanbingbushishenmedashi,kankanamcmugongsiwandaqianleduoshaoqianjiuzhidaole。yamaxunyeshijukuishiduonian,ranhoubianchengquanqiuzuizhuanqiandehulianwanggongsizhiyi。ruguoyouxiaodiliyongzhaiwulaizengjiashouruhelirun,zhaiwubukepa。jiuamceryan,tachuyushidangyuanyinzengjialezhaiwufudan,danshixianzai,tazhengyucovid-19zheizhongbukekongzainanzuoshengsicunwangdouzheng,duanqineiqingkuangbuhuihaozhuan。

congamcdefuzhaikeyikandao,gaishujuyuxingyemaoyizuzhiquanguojuyuansuoyouzhexiehuideshuzixiangwenhe。baogaoxianshi,meiguohejianadadejuyuanzongshuyicong2010niande5399jiazengjiadaoquniande5548jia。jiuzongpingmueryan,tongyishiqigaishuzicong38,902zengjiadao40,613。ruguoamcxianzaikaishijianshaohuosuoxiaoyingyuanguimo,huozheyimouzhongfangshijianshaoqimeigefangyingtingdeyinmushuliang,takenenghuidadaxueruoqiyijingyaoyaoyuzhuidecongxiaofeizheneilihuodeshourudenengli。

也就是说,AMC既不能主动减少负债,也无法承担高负债带来的高风险,进入了经营上的悖论。

AMC没有更多选择了

AMC并不是高速发展的业务,且很早就随着全球影院瓶颈进入了盈利的瓶颈期。彩票平台但对于亚马逊来说,靠AMC直接盈利可能不是最优先的目的,如果未来AMC最好只能做到收支平衡,其仍然可以作为亚马逊制片厂或任何其他电影制片厂的发行和放映场所,提升亚马逊在好莱坞及全球电影制片厂的吸引力,同时提升Amazon流媒体产品同Netflix、Disney+、苹果、华纳等流媒体主要巨头的竞争力。

彩票平台xianran,beifujuzhaideamcmuqianmeifadadaoyamaxundeyuqi。changhaizhaiwushejidefeiyongshigaigongsizaiguoqusannianzhongyouliangnianchuyukuisunzhuangtai,ruguotazai2018nianmeiyoudedaoyixiejiyuhuijidebangzhu,neiyinianyejiangshicaiwuzainian。

彩票平台juyoufengciyiweideshi,duiyuyamaxunhuorenheqitaqianzaideshougouzheeryan,zuihaodeshiqingkenengshiamcdepochanshenqing,yinweizheikenenghuixiaochuqidabufenhuoquanbuzhaiwu。pochanzhihou,qianzaidemaijiakeyijierubingyihendidejiageshougougongsideqiyubufen,fouze,renhezaipochanqianshougoudoujiangbansuiliandaidezhaiwu。

彩票平台chule48yimeiyuandefalvzhaiwu,amcdezuixinzichanfuzhaibiaohaibaokuoyuchushoumouxiewuyeyouguandejiazhi49yimeiyuandejingyingzulinfuzhai。liansuoyingyuanbiaoshi: “duicaipiaopingtaixianqianbolidejuyuandemouxiezulinchengdanzulinzeren。” zheiduigongsidecaiwuyejichanshengleleisizhaiwudeyingxiang,shenzhibeiyixiefenxishishizhijieshiweizhaiwu。danshi,zhengrugaigongsizaisecwenjiandexizezhongsuojieshideneiyang: “youyukeyongdebujiucuoshiduozhongduoyang,caipiaopingtairenwei,ruguodangqiandezuhuweiyue,jiangbuhuiduicaipiaopingtaidecaiwuzhuangkuang,jingyingchengguohuoxianjinliuzaochengfumianyingxiang。”

换句话说,上述48亿美元使AMC去年花费了近3亿美元的利息,仍然是AMC唯一值得担心的债务。

guanzhuangbingduhedianyingyuanzhongxinkaifangshijiandebuquedingxing,jiajuleamczishenzhaiwuhexianjinliuwenti,danzheihaibushiamczhengzaimianlindeweiyiyanzhongdewenti。haiyoujiushi,zhuyaodianyingzhipianchangkuaguodianyingyuanqianshouliumeitichupengdaolejishinianlailiansuoyingyuanjingyingdegenji。

环球影业的所有者康卡斯特(Comcast)最近宣布,它将实行双轨政策,同时在互联网点播和影院上映电影彩票平台。《魔发精灵2》成为首部跨过电影院在网络付费点播的好莱坞商业电影,详情可穿越(首部好莱坞“网络电影”《魔发精灵2》上线,为什么19.99美元的点播费比电影票还贵?),这导致AMC和其他影院声明他们将不再在剧院放映环球电影。

彩票平台zi4yue10rituichuzaixiandianbocaipiaopingtaihou,《mofajingling2》zaiduanduansanzhoudeshijianneiyijingchuzulejin500wanci,qudeyue9500wanmeiyuandeshuzizulinfei。juzhiqingrenshitoulu,faxingfang(huanqiuyingye)yijingtongguo《mofajingling2》dezudaicaipiaopingtaiqudele7700wanmeiyuandehuibao,zhuipingle2016nianshoubu《mofajingling》suoqudelebeimeipiaofangfenzhangchengji。juxi,《mofajingling2》dezhizuochengbenwei9000wanmeiyuan,diyuqianzuode1.25yimeiyuan。

《mofajingling2》deshishuiyiweizhe,jianglaizhipianchangkenenghuibaoliuzhongxiaochengbendianying,bingjiangqizhijiefenfadaogezideliumeiticaipiaopingtaizhong。jinguantamenhuicuoshiyuanxianpiaofangshouru,danzheijiangtigaodishini+,hbo max、kongquedengliumeiticaipiaopingtaidexiyinli,shimeitigongsizhanlvedezhongyaozuchengbufen。

《魔发精灵2》直接触网,这表明电影制片厂将能够在没有电影院的情况下生存下来。但反过来,失去电影的电影院将失去一切。彩票平台电影院需要电影制片厂远远超过电影制片厂需要电影院,这是AMC最害怕也最无力的地方。

彩票平台gangadeshi,amcjishikeyijinzhihuanqiudianying,dantabukenengjinzhisuoyoudazhipianchangdedianying。yinweidishini,huanqiuyingyehehuanaxiongdigongsizai2019nianchuangzaolejinsanfenzhierdemeiguopiaofangshouru。tongshi,zheisangegongsikendingnenggouchengshoulaiziamcdengyingyuandeyali,tamenbujinjuyouzhijiemianxiangxiaofeizhedexuanzequan(zishendulideliumeiticaipiaopingtai),erqiehaiyongyouxianjinliuqiangdaqieyewuxiangduiduoyuanhuadedagongsibeishu。 

对于AMC来说,没有电影就没有生意。即使能挺过不破产或者被亚马逊这样的买家买走,当AMC再次开放时,它将不可能拒绝环球影业或任何其他制片厂的电影。

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