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面对20亿人次的诊断量,AI超声这条晚熟赛道将如何爆发?

摘要: AI应用于超声需要两步走,解决两个问题: 一是辅助获取正确的影像;二才是辅助正确分析超声影像。

图片来源@视觉中国

tupianlaiyuan@shijuezhongguo

wenshudongmaiwang

彩票平台zaiaiyixueyingxiangzheigesaidaozhong,ai+chaoshengzheigexifenlingyushoudaodeguanzhuyuanburuai+ctyingxiang,ai+chaoshengyizhidouxiangduididiao。er2020nianchu,fdapizhunlelaizicapture healthdeshougeaifuzhuchaoshengzhenduanruanjian,aichaoshengsaidaoyinglaizhongdatupo,nadaoshangyehuatongxingzheng,zheiyeweiaichaoshengsaidaodailaigengduoguanzhu。

在国内, AI超声相比AI+CT领域而言并不拥挤,只有几家创业企业涉足其中。但其实,每年彩票平台国超声的检查人次约在20亿人次,这一数字远远大于CT检查数量的2亿人次。

彩票平台congfugairenqunlaikan,aichaoshengzaishichangqianjingshangyougengdaxiangxiangli。congchanpinxingshishangkan,butongyuai+ctsaidao,chanpinchuxiantongzhihua,aichaoshengkeyifunengyudaxingchaoshengshebeihezhangshangchaoshengshebei,yongyouduoyangdechanpinxingshi。

AI超声虽然作为AI+医学影像一大细分领域,但是AI+超声有其诸多特点。不同于其他AI医学影像主要是影像分析功能。AI应用于超声需要两步走,解决两个问题: 一是辅助获取正确的影像;二才是辅助正确分析超声影像。

henxianran,baizaiaichaoshengmianqiandelubingbuhaozou。duiyuailaishuo,ruherangchaoshengchengzheaideyuyijinrugengduoyiliaochangjing,erbushijinxianyuchaoshengke?aiyingyongyuchaoshenghuiyudaonaxiejishubilei?dongmaiwangjinxingleshuli。

AI降低超声诊断壁垒,超声为AI带来更广泛应用空间

彩票平台chaoshengyinggaishizhiyeyishengnenggouhuodedezuikuai、zuianquanhejiaobianyideyixuezhenduangongjuzhiyi,shijieshangyou5000wanyisheng,danqizhongzhiyou2%deyishengzhangwoleshiyongchaoshengsaomiaodejineng。

chaoshengyinggaishiyizhongpuhuidezhenduangongju,danshizaixianshizhong,chaoshengdeyingyongbingbushisuishoukede。

genjuzhongguoyixuezhuangbeixiehuitongji,jiezhi2018nian,caipiaopingtaiguochaoshengbaoyouliangyuewei19wantai。suiranbiqidrshichangbaoyouliangyuewei5.5wantai;ctbaoyouliangyuewei2.2wantai;neijingbaoyouliangyuewei2wantai;mrishichangbaoyouliangwei9255tai。duibilaikan,caipiaopingtaiguochaoshengbaoyouliangbingbudi,danshigejiyiyuanyongyoudechaoshengshuliangbingbupingheng。jiezhi2018nian4yuedi,2427jiasanjiyiyuanyongyou24270taicaichao,pingjunyongyouchaoshengshuda10tai;ererji、yijiyiyuanpingjunyongyouchaoshengshufenbiewei5tai、1tai,chajujiaoweimingxian。

chaoshengbenshenjuyouwufushe、kezhongfuzhenduandengtedian,suizhejishudejinbu,chaoshengzhengzaibiandeyuelaiyuebianyihexiaoqiao。danzhiyouchaoshengshiyongmenjiandejiangdi,cainengrangchaoshengchengweizhenzhengpuhui、bianxiedezhenduangongju。

yinweichaoshengyishenghefangshekeyishengbutong,fangshekeyishengzhixuyaotongguojingtaidetuxiangjinxingzhenduan,danchaoshengyishengxuyaocaijibutongqiemiandedongtaituxiangjinxingshishizhenduan。chaoshengyingxiangdehuoquhezhenduandoufeichangyilaiyishengjingyan。

aidazaiyuchaoshengzhenduanzhishang,keyifuzhujiejuelianggewenti,yishiruhegenghaodihuoquyingxiang;ershiruhegenghaodifenxiyingxiang。

zaiduanshijianneiwanchengyigecaijituxianghefenxituxiang,aiyaozousanbu。yishougetongguofdashenpideaifuzhuxiadeyixuechengxiangcaijixitongcaption aiweili,caption aishouxianshiliyongaizhidaoyishenghuoqutuxiang,tongguoaideshishiyindao,feizhuanyeyishengyenengcaijichaoshengyingxiang。

彩票平台dierbushiliyongsuanfazhaochuzuijiadetuxiang。chaoshengtuxiangdegaobianyixingduiyuaiyingxiangzhenduanlaishuoshigenanti,caption aidesuanfakeyicongshipinzhongxuanzezuijiadeyingxiangbingqielianghuatuxiang,tigaozaiaichaoshengtuxiangcaijihezhenduanshangdekexindu。

disanbushijinxingtuxiangfenxi。yiwanglaishuo,jieduhefenxichaoshengyingxiangyexuyaoduonianpeiyangdechaoshengyishengcaikeyizuodao,ercaption healthtongguoshenduxuexisuanfakeyizidongjinxingshexuefenshuceliang,yongyulinchuangyishengpingguhuanzhebingqing。

彩票平台suiranmuqianfdapizhunlecaption healthchanpinshangshi,danshijinxianyuchengrenxinzangjibingjiancha。zaifdashenchacaption guidancedeguochengzhong,fdapingguleliangxiangduliyanjiudeshuju。

diyixiangyanjiushirang50weixunlianyousudechaoshengyishengduihuanzhejinxingzhenduansaomiao,yizubushiyongfuzhuzhenduanruanjian,yizushiyongruanjian,jieguozhengmingmeiyoujingyandechaoshengyishengdoukeyihuodezhiliangjiaogaodetuxiang。

lingyixiangyanjiubaokuopeixunbamingbushichaoshengjianchazhuanjiadezhucehushishiyongcaption guidanceruanjian,bingyaoqiutamenzhaochuchaoshengxindongtutuxiang,ranhouyouwuweixinzangbingzhuanjiapinggusuocaijituxiangdezhiliang。jieguobiaoming,caption guidanceruanjiannenggoushizhucehushiyenenghuodejuyouzhenduanyiyidechaoshengxindongtutuxiangheshipin。

彩票平台duiyuchaoshenglaishuo,airangchaoshengdeshiyongbiandegengjiajiandan,kejixinggenggao。duiyuailaishuo,chaoshengzeshiyigeshizhanainenglidehaochangjing。

软银中国投资总监朱瑞星告诉动脉网,因为AI产品的特殊性,具有规模效益的领域更容易产生AI的价值洼地。超声比起CT和核磁来说,每年的应用人次更多,同时也有一定的收费标准。因此AI辅助诊断在超声领域将有较大的商业化前景。

大型超声和掌上超声,AI+超声两种路径

aiyuchaoshengdejiehezhengzaichengweiaiyingxiangsaidaozhongdehouqizhixiu。chulebangzhugenghaodezhenduanwai,aizaichaoshengyingxiangzhonghaikeyiwanchengzidonghuatuxiangzhiliangpinggu、tuxiangbiaozhunhuachuli、tuxianggouhua、zidongceliang、fuzhuzhenduandenggongneng。

danzaicaipiaopingtaiguo,daxingyiyuanhejicengyiyuanlianggewanquanbutongdeyiliaochangjing,juedingleaiyingyongyuchaoshengwufatongguoyigetongyongfanganjiejuewenti,ershizouchuleliangtiaowanquanbutongdeluxian。

一条路线是在传统超声科,AI让大型超声设备更加智能。AI让超声设备不止是一台成像产品,而是成为集数据采集、管理、分析于一体、融入深度学习的智能终端。

yige healthweili,zuoweichaoshenglingyudexingyejutou,ge healthyuximenzigongtongzhanjuleguoneichaoguo50%dechaoshengshichang。

彩票平台2019nian,gezaizhongguoshichangshangshiledazailecsound+™tuxiangshengchengqidelogiq™ e20,keshixian48beijisuhuancunji10beisuanlitupo,weidashujubuhuoyufenxi、quanxiyuchengxiangtigonglejishubaozhang。zaiaifuzhuzhinengshibieshang,shuziyinqingketongguoduituxiangdeganzhi,shixianzuzhizangqijiegouzhenbie、zhinengbingzaofenge、zhinengceliang,bangzhuyishengbaituofanduorongzadetuxiangyouhuahecelianggongzuo,jizhongjinglizhuanzhuyulinchuangzhenliao。congyingyongdebingzhonglaikan,gedeaifuzhuzhinengshibieshang,fugailequanshenchengxiang,zhuyaoyingyongyuzaijieru、jiazhuangxianruxian、jigu、erke、xinzangdenglinchuanglingyuzhichilinchuangyishidejingzhunzhenduan。

彩票平台erzaiqitakeshi,aichaoshengbuzhiyuzhenduan,aihaikeyifuzhushishideyindao、shoushupinggu。chaoshengzaimazuike、jizhenke、icudengduogekeshizhuyaoshibangzhuyishizuochugengjiazhunquedepinggu,tigaoduiweixiehuanzheshengminganquanweijizhengdezhenzhixiaolv,gengyouxiaodijinxingjibenshengminggongnengjiance、diaokongjizhongyaoqiguandebaohuyuzhichi。

yimazuikeweili, pocchaoshengzaimazuikedeyingyong,zhuyaojizhongzaichaoshengyindaoxiadexueguanchuanci、shenjingzuzhiheshuzhongjingshiguanxinzangchaosheng(tee)dengfangmian,zhizaitigaomazuicaozuodeanquanxingheqiguangongnengpinggudezhunquexing。zheibutongyuyongyujibingzhenduandechaoshengjiancha。eraizaiqizhongdezuoyongzeshikeyishixianchuangshangjianding、tuxiangpeizhun/ronghe、xitongzhiliangbaozheng、saochafuzhu、duopulezaoshengyizhidengxiaoguo。

dangran,duiyudaxingshebeilaishuo,aidezuoyongmuqianhaishijinshangtianhua,danshikeyiyujianzaiweilai,aidezuoyongjiangyuelaiyuezhongyao。

彩票平台zhuruixingbiaoshi: “congyingjianshangkan,liruge、ximenzidengchangshang,yingjiandediedaisududuimeiyouruanjiankuai。ruanjianhesuanfashangdetupojiangyoukenengchengweiweilaizhuliu。”

duiyuchaoshenglingyidazhuyaochangshangfeilipulaishuo,xianzai60%dequanqiuyanfarenyuancezhongzairuanjianheaishangmian,danyebingbuyiweizhetayaobianchengyigeruanjiangongsi。feilipudeyiliaoqixieshebeibenshenshigaodushuzihuade,yehuichanshengdaliangdeshuju。ruhehulianhezhengheshujushiguanjian。

而另一条路线则是在基层医疗场景之中。在大型医院之外,国内医疗体系中,国内有近90万家基层医疗机构,医、药、检三个环节中,破解医疗结构性矛盾必不可少的加大投入的环节就是在“检”这个环节。而借助于掌上超声设备的便携性,超声设备赋能基层是一条可行路线。

朱瑞星指出: “把一个基层医生培养成为一个专业的超声科医生是不可能的事情。因为不可能让基层医生能力等同于三甲医院医生,其实基层的赋能是依靠设备承担的,让基层医生拥有简单易用的设备,在短时间内提升诊疗效率和构建分级诊疗体系具备可行性。”

bujujicengshichangdeqiyezhuyaoshichuangyegongsi,zuoweichaoshengshichangzhongdexinbianliang,tamenzhuyaoshijiangaichaoshengyingyongyuzhangshangchaoshengshebei。jiezhuairuanjianfuneng,ranggengduojicengyiliaojigounenggoushiyongchaoshengzhenduanshebei,shixiancong0dao1detupo。tamenmianduideshouzhonggengduoshiduiyuchaoshengzhizhishenshaodeyisheng。

彩票平台yishanghaishenzhikejisoundwiseweili,zuoweizhangshangchaoshengqiyesiduokedeshengtailianqiye,shenzhikejiliyongaisuanfazidongconghuoqudechaoshengtuxiangzhongxuanzezuijiapianduan,bingqieweimeiyouchaoshengjingyanderentigongzhinengzhidao,zuihougenjutuxiangtigongzhenduanjianyi。rangjiyudechaoshengzhenduanhetuxianghuoqubiandegengjiajiandan,wuxujingguozhangzhouqidepeixuncainengzhangwo。

彩票平台yiwang,chaoshengzhenduanxuyaoyikaozhuanyedeyishengtongguoyanjinglaishibietuxiangzhongdejiepoujiegou,eraitongguozhinengshibierangchaoshengdeshiyongbujuxianyujingguozhuanyexunliandeyisheng。shixianzidongzhaodaozuijiadetuxianghefuzhuzhenduan。

duiyuai+zhangshangchaoshenglaishuo,butongdeyingyongchangjing,dailailebutongdeyingyongtiaozhan。

duiyulinchuangkeshiyingyonglaishuo,henduolinchuangkeshiyishengyiwangmeiyoushiyongguochaoshengshebei,bingqiegegelinchuangkeshixuqiujiaoweifensan,rengongzhinengyingyongdeguochengxuyaojingliyidingdeshichangjiaoyuguocheng。

彩票平台danshizaijieruke、xinneikezheiyangdekeshi,youdelinchuangyishengyeyouyidingdechaoshengzhenliaojingyan,zhangshangchaoshengzaizheixiekeshiluodibingbunan。

erduiyujicenglaishuo,shichangjiaoyugengshinanshangjianan。

彩票平台zuoweiguoneizhuanzhuyuai+chaoshengdexianxingzhe,shenzhiceozhangzhuobiaoshi: jicengyiliaoxuqiubingbushisanjiayiyuandejianhuabanben。jicengyiliaoduiyuchaoshengshebeiyouzhewanquanbutongdegongnenghechangjingyaoqiu。

“duiyucunyilaishuo,tamenbukenenghuajiaozhangdexuexizhouqiquxuexi,tongshicunyidejianchaliuchengshijiaoduande,chanpindejianchashijianxuyaokongzhizaijifenzhongnei。suoyiai+chaoshengnengfouzuodaozhenzhengdezhinenghuaheliuchengdejiandanhua,feichangzhongyao。muqiandeshichangdedabufenai+chaoshengchanpinhainanyizuodaorangyigehushishuipingderenyenengkuaisuzhangwo。”

彩票平台genjudongmaiwangbuwanquanzhengli,muqianyitongjidaoguoneiwaiyou16jiaaichaoshengxiangguanqiye。congbingzhongdefugaishanglaikan,chaoshengzhenduanguangfanyingyongyulinchuangkeshi,eraichaoshengzhenduanfugaidebingzhongzhuyaobaokuoruxianaizhenduan、chanqianshaicha、jiazhuangxianjibing、xinzangjibingdengzhongduobingzhong。

*ruweibeishoulurucibiaogedeqiyeyekeyilianxidongmaiwang,gongtongtantao。

congbiaozhongzhuyaodeyingyongchangjingkeyikanchu,suiranaichaoshenglingyuyouqiangdadejutoubuju,yeyouchuangyegongsi,danshiyingyongchangjingdebutong,tamenmeiyougouchengzhijiejingzheng。

技术壁垒让AI超声晚熟于AI+CT

duibiai+ctyingxianglaikan,aichaoshengzheigesaidaobingbuyongji。weishenmeai+chaoshengshiaiyingxiangzhongwanshudeyigesaidao。yidayuanyinjiushizaijishufangmian,ai+chaoshengdetiaozhanxinggengda。

zaideshangyunxingzhixingzongcaiyanyeenkanlai,aiyingyongyuchaoshengdezhuyaojishutiaozhankeyifenweisandabufen。

彩票平台shouxianshiyaoshixianshishizhenduan,hect、mridejingtaituxiangbutong,chaoshengtuxiangshidongtaishishituxiang,chaoshengjiancedenandianzaiyutuxiangcaijiyuyuepianxuyaotongshiwancheng。zheizhuyaoshiyinweict、heci、xguangdengyingxiangdecaijishiyoujishiwancheng,eryuepianyoufangshekeyishengwancheng,yincibuxuyaoshishitongbuyingxiang,danchaoshengjiancedenandianzaiyutuxiangcaijiyuyuepianxuyaotongshiwancheng。zheiyejiuweifuzhuzhenduantichulegengdadetiaozhan,baokuosuanfahesuanlishang。

qicishizaishujushang,xiangduilaishuo,youyuchaoshengyingxiangshujudeliulanchulicunchuxiguan,chaoshengyingxiangbiqictzheiyangdeshujugengnanhuoqu。

“weishenmeaiyingxiangsaidaogangkaishixingqideshihou,yongxianlehenduoaifeijiejiegongsi,yinweixiangduilaishuo,feijiejieyingxiangshujushirongyihuoqude。”

彩票平台chuleshujukudeguimodaxiaoshoudaoxianzhiwai,chaoshengyingxiangdebiaozhunhuachengduyejiaodi,chaoshengyingxiangdeqingxidushiyilaiyuchaoshengyishengdecaozuoshoufahebutongshebeixinghao。suoyixuyaoyouyaojijiaoqiangdezhuanjiatuanduiduizheixieshujujinxingqingxihefenxi。

第三点是算法框架的限制。“能否拥有自己的算法框架非常重要。因为目前的算法框架,绝大部分公司都是用的开源算法,尤其是在超声领域,能够拥有自己的算法的企业非常少。超声AI与其他放射AI不同,它对于自主研发的算法框架非常依赖,这与它分析产品的准确度和实时性强相关。”

tajulishuodao,ruguosuanfaguoyurongzhang,huidaozhichulisuduman,erchaoshengjuyoushishixingdeyaoqiu,yimiaozhongjiuyoujishizhentuxiang,youdexinzangyingxiangmeimiaoshangbaizhen,meiyouqiangdadesuanfawufachulizheimeduodeshuju。erdeshangyunxingzuoweiguoneizuizaojinxingchaoshengaichanpinyanfadeqiye,yijingfabulechaoshengjiazhuangxian、ruxian、pendi、ganzang、jingdongmaidengaichanpin。yinweiyongyouwanquanzizhuzhishichanquandesuanfakuangjia,deshangyunxingsuoyoudechaoshengaichanpinwulunshishiyingxinghaishixingneng,biaoxianjiuhuigengjiatuchu。

chuleyishangsandianwai,ruguoaixiangyaoshixiandazaiyuzhangshangchaoshengshang,haixuyaojiejuesuanlixianzhidewenti。zhangshangchaoshengyingjianshebeidexianzhi,tuxiangqingxidudexianzhi,duiyudazaiairuanjiantichulegengdadetiaozhan。zhangshangchaoshengshebeiyuanyuanxiaoyuchuantongdechaoshengshebei,zheijiangshifenkaoyanaidesuanli。

朱瑞星表示: “AI超声是一个系统性的工程,不单单是说企业拥有了一个算法之后,就可以做诊断识别。例如如果载体是掌上超声,需要使用板载芯片和GPU协助运算,算法设计、IC设计、芯片和功耗都需要考虑其中。”

彩票平台qiyebujinyaonachuyigefeichangjingquedemoxinglaifenxichaoshengboshipin,erqiezaicijichushang,haibixuquebaogaimoxingnengyouxiaodizaiandroidpingbandiannaohuoshoujipingtaideyouxianziyuanxiagongzuo。 

审批将是一道坎,FDA带来新突破

zaichaoshengaidesaidaozhong,wukebimiandeyidazuaishizhengceshenpiwenti,caption healthhuodelefdashenpi,keyishuoshiweidabufenchixutouruaichaoshengyanfadeqiyebokaiyunwu。

zhuruixingbiaoshi,fdadeshenpijinzhanduiyuguoneilaishuoyouzhezhongyaolihao: “caipiaopingtaixiangduizaokaishiguanzhuai+chaoshengzheigelingyu,ciqian,zheigelingyuyizhichuyuzhefuqi。suizhefdapizhunleai+chaoshengfuzhuzhenduanruanjian,zheigexingyekenenghuiyinglaifengkou。2016nian,ai+yixueyingxianglingyufazhanzuishouguanzhudeshihou,yezhengshifdapizhunleshougeaifuzhuzhenduanruanjiandeshihou。”

fdashebeiyuyiliaozhongxintiwaizhenduanyufangshejiankangbangongshifuzhurenrobert ochsboshizaipizhuncaption healthdeaifuzhuruanjianyongyuchengrenxinzangchaoshengjianchashi,cengbiaoshi,ciciyunxuaichaoshengfuzhuzhenduanruanjianshangshideyiyibujinzaiyuchaoshengjianchazhuanjiakeyishiyongzheiyigongju,chaoshengaiweilaigengdadechangjingshirangputongdeyiliaorenyuan(lirujiatingzhensuodehushi)yekeyishiyongchaosheng,bangzhucaipiaopingtaigengzaogengzhunquefaxianjibing。

彩票平台zaichaoshengdejinhuaguochengzhong,ruanyingjiannengliduiyuzhangshangchaoshengdouhenzhongyao,muqian,chaoshengdeaixitongxianjieduangengjubilei。jiuhaobimuqianguoneinengzuoshoujiyingjiandechangshanghenduo,danshinengzuoshoujicaozuoxitongdechangjiabingbuduo。zaiyingjianbijiaotongzhihuadeshichangzhong,nengfouyanfachuhaodeairuanjian,yidingchengdushangjuedinglezhangshangchaoshengchanpinyingjiandeyingyongkongjian。

tongshi,duiyujicengzheiyangdechangjinglaishuo,biqidaxingshebei,chaoshengyiqijiagegengdi,yinci,chaoshengaixiangbiyituoyuctdengdaxingshebeideaikenenggengshihetuiguang。danmuqianduiyujicengyiliaozheiyangdequankeyishenglaishuo,ruhejiangliuchengzhenzhengshixianzhinenghuaheshaguahua,haishiyidatiaozhan。suizheairuanjiandefuneng,chaoshenglichengweikeshihuadetingzhenqizhengzaiyuelaiyuejin。

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