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比尔盖茨,中国人民的“老朋友”

摘要: 相比反复无常的特朗普,比尔盖茨显然在中国更受欢迎。

wen | shouxirenwuguan(id:sxrenwuguan),zuozhe | jiangyue、qiaoxue

henduonianyihou,dangrenleizaiduzaoyuyiqing,dinghuixiangqi2020nianzheigetebiedechuntian。

zaiyuanbenyunyuxiwangdejijieli,yiqingzaiquanqiumanyan,lishibeicankugaixie,lianjianguanledabiangudebier·gaiciyeshuo: “zheishiemengbandeqingjing。”

彩票平台zheiweiqianshijieshoufuzai2015nianjiuyuyanguoliuxingbingfengxianbingfachujinggao。yiqingzhizhong,taduocikendingzhongguodefangyicuoshi,pipingmeiguozhengfudefanyingchidunqiehunluan,zhiyanmeiguoyaoxiangzhongguoxuexi——xiangbifanfuwuchangdetelangpu,zheiwei“laopengyou”xianranzaizhongguogengshouhuanying。

彩票平台zaiguoqude26nianjian,gaici17cidaofangzhongguo,tabiduoshumeiguokejidalaogengzaoyishidaozhongguoshichangdezhongyaoxing,gengzaocongzhonghuoli。tongshi,tayejianzhengbingshenrucanyulezhongguokejihulianwangdeyanbianjincheng。

1、【六年】1994~2000

彩票平台chuangye20nianhou,gaicidiyicizhanzailebeijingdechunfengli。

彩票平台1994nian3yue,wei windows95zhongwenbanfabuerlaidegaici,zaibeijingdedaolelingdaorenjiejiandeliyu。neishizhongguojieruguojihulianwangdeqianxi,zaizhongguancun,chuangye10niandelianxiangganggangchengliweijishiyebu,jiatingdiannaodexiaofeijiangchengweixiayigeitshidaidexinyinqing。zheiyangdebeijingzhixia,gaicishouhuanying,yeshilisuodangrandeshiqingle。

dandangshiweiruanzaizhongguoshichangdebiaoxianbingbuhao。“weiruanzhongguozaiqiquanqiuxiaoshouzhongdefenebuzhiyiti”“weiruanzhongguodexiaoshoushuziconglaidoushigemimi——sheiyebuzhidaotajiujingyouduoxiao。”

gaiciyexianglejiezhongguo。shoucifanghuaxingchengzhong,tacanguanlezhongguokexueyuanhebeijingdaxue,zuzhileyichangqianrenbaogaohui,fenxiang90niandaijisuanjiqushi。zaiyuzuigaolingdaorendehuimianzhong,shuangfangduijijiangkaizhandehezuobiaodalexinxin,gaicichengnuo,huijinlibangzhuzhongguofazhanruanjiangongye。

这是盖茨成为“中国人民的老朋友”的开端。仅仅半年后,他又带上夫人来到北京旅游,此后20多年里,他频频访华,成为与中国关系最亲密的美国企业家之一。

gaicifanghuahou,weiruandeshengyizaizhongguozhujianpukai。1995nian,gaicichengweiquanqiushoufu,office yezaizheinianjinruzhongguoshichang,kuaisushixianlongduan,zaisuihou20duonianlizhanjule90%yishangdeshichangfene。

图:
工作中的盖茨

tu: gongzuozhongdegaici

彩票平台jiushiniandaidezuihoujinianli,gaicizaizhongguobulvbuting,tacanguanbingmayong、youlidunhuanghesanxia,beizhibeijing、dongqushanghai、nanxingguangdong。1997nian,tazaiqinghuadaxueyanjiangshibeixueshengdecongming、reqinghechuangxinjingshensuogandong,“caipiaopingtaijuedingyaozaibeijingjianliyigeyazhouyanjiuyuan”。

这座研究院原计划设立在软体行业腾飞的印度,当时的美国媒体也更看好印度。盖茨选择了北京,微软亚洲研究院后来也成了为中国互联网频频输血的“黄埔军校”。 

lingyisuobentuhulianwang“huangpujunxiao”yezai1998niandansheng,haiguizhangchaoyangdaizhe17wanrongzihuiguochuanglilesouhu。xinlangwangyezaitongnianchengli,danxianranzhangchaoyangshengshigengda,souhujinchuanglibudaoyinian,tajiubei《shidai》zazhipingxuanweiquanqiuhulianwanglingyude50gefengyunrenwu,beichengwei“zhongguohulianwangdiyiren”。

图:
搜狐成为中国最早一批互联网公司

tu: souhuchengweizhongguozuizaoyipihulianwanggongsi

shuyuzhongguohulianwangdedaxi,zai90niandaideweibashang,huanhuankaiqi。

彩票平台1999nian3yue,gaicidiliucitashangzhongguolingtu,tacongxianggangshunfangshenzhen,zhitingliuduanduanliugexiaoshi。lianxiangliuchuanzhi、haierzhangruimin、bubugaoduanyongdengzhongguoqiyejiazhuanchenggandaoshenzhenwuzhoubinguanqujianta,zheici,gaicidailailegengdadeyexin: weinasijihua,zheishijiyuwindows ce caozuoxitongdeyuzhipingtai,jiandanlaishuo,jiushishijiang windows pingtaicongpckuochongdaoxuexiji、vcddengqitazhongduanshebei。

彩票平台jijiazhongguoqiyechengweiweiruandehezuofang,birulianxiangdasuanshengchandianshijidinghe,lianjiagefanweidouxianghaole,zai5000yuanyixia。liuchuanzhiqinziweicizhantai,huida《zhongguoqingnianbao》jizhetiwen“jushuoguoneidekexuejiayeyongyouzheizhongjishu,weishenmedajiadouyiyongqishangqujiweiruanpengchang?”shi,tabiaoshi:

“shouxianshishichangxuyao”,“zhongguodejishushuipingmuqianhaiyoujuli。zhongkeyuandetongleichanpin,chulaihaideliangsannianzhihou。”

90niandaidezuihouyigechuntian,gaicizaishenzhenduguole“shuoguoleilei”debantian,tachidaoledidaodeminnanmeishi“fotiaoqiang”,haiyushenzhenshizhengfu、zhongguodianxin、guojiajingmaoweijingjixinxizhongxin、zhongguorenminyinxingdengdanweibumenqianshulegexianghezuobeiwanglu。

盖茨的“维纳斯计划”最终无疾而终。彩票平台如此宏大的计划,在当时的经济社会环境之下,仅凭几家中国公司的参与,几乎没有成功的可能。

彩票平台erhulianwangchuangye1.0shidaiyijingshibukedang。1999nian,mayunfeidaodayangbiandeguigurongzi,beijujue20duoci,yiranmeiyoufangqi;mahuatengzuozaishenzhendejianloubangongshili,jiabannvyonghupeiwangyouliaotian;zaiguiguxiangshoudagongshengya“juedezhongzhonghuacaoyetingkaixin“deliyanhong,juedinghuiguochuangye;liuqiangdongyezaizhongguancunkaisheleyijia“jingdongduomeiti”degongsi,zhuyingguangcizhipin。

“jinguanhulianwangdezengzhanghenkuai,dancaipiaopingtaiyaoshuo,zheizhishigekaishi。”“weinasi”jihuasuiranyaozhe,dangaicizaishenzhenwuzhoubinguandeyuyan,zaixinshijidezhongguohenkuaichengweixianshi。

2、【八年】2000~2008

qianxiniandaolai,renmenzaixingfenyuhuangranzhongmairuxinshiji。

zheiyinian,gaicijuedingrangchudiyibajiaoyi,baweiruan ceo dezhiweiyijiaojihaoyoubaoermo,zijizetuijushouxiruanjianjiagoushi,zhuanxinkaifachanpin。

彩票平台xinshijiyishi,zaizhongguo,haiyouyicizhongdawaijiaohuodongxiyinzheta。

2001nian,shanghaiapecshang,gaici48xiaoshineilianxu3changyanjiangrangrenjiyiyouxin。qijian,taxuanbuleyixiliezaihuatouzijihua,haixiangguoneizhuyaopcchangshangzhezhongtuixiaolezijizuoweishouxiruanjianjiagoushidediyijianchanpin windows xp 。cihoubujiu,zheichengweiguoneisuoyoupcyuzhuangdexitong。

gexindetuxingui,zhongxinshejidedicengjiaohu,zhengshizheitaoxitongzhenzhengchengjiuleweiruandebaye,xp yechengweimuqianshoumingzuizhangdecaozuoxitong。

gaicizaixingergui。

同样在世纪初尝到甜头的还有中国的第一代互联网创业者。彩票平台从2000年4月到7月,新浪、网易和搜狐先后在美国纳斯达克上市。

kexihulianwangpaomohenkuaixijuanquanqiu——zheihendachengdushangshiyinweiweiruan。《caijing》zazhijizheliuhongjunzai《qianxinianhulianwangpaomoqinlizhe》yiwenzhongtidao:

“dangbier·kelindunbasifabudaidaoweiruanshi,wangluopaomopomiejiubeishandongle,tarangkejishichanggandaohanyi。”

彩票平台weiruandangshizhengzaizaoyulongduankongsu,2000nian4yue,lianbangfaguanpanjueweiruandequecunzailongduanxingwei,xuanpanzhiqian,youyutouzizhexinxindongyao,weiruanciqiankejigushizhidiyimingdediweibeisikequdai。

4yue3ri,neifenpanjueshudailaidezhijieyingxiangshi,weiruanchuangxiadangrizuidadiefu;gengzhangyuandeyingxiangjiushi,kejiguzaisuihoudeliangnianlixianrulechixuxiadie——erjishichangduikejigongsidexinxinmeile,

彩票平台zhongguodekejihulianwanggongsimenyemeitaoguohudiexiaoying。

wangyigujialianxu9geyuediepo1meiyuan,zai2002nianbeitingpai。gengduohaimeishangshidezhongguogongsizaoyulerongzikunnan,liyanhongnazhexiangmushuzhaodao idg deyangfei,houzhekaolvle3geyuecairuchang,qianyueqianneiwan,yangfeihaishimianlezhengsu,dangshibaiduhaizhishiyigeweiqitawangyetigongsousuoyinqingdejishucaipiaopingtaishang,meiyouzijidemenhuwangye,zheibi150wanmeiyuandetouzi,wuyiyudubo。

彩票平台tengxunderiziyemeihaodaonaliqu。2000niannianmo,qq zhuceyonghuyijiejin1yi,danmahuatengzhaobudaozengjiaxincaipiaopingtaiqideqian,yuanlaidetouzifangyijingmengshengtuiyi,mahuatengnazhetengxunguquansichuhuayuan,yizhipengbi,zhidaoyudaonanfeidemih,fangcaihuajieweiji。

图:
工作中的马化腾

tu: gongzuozhongdemahuateng

彩票平台paomozai2003nianzhujianxiaosan,zhongguoquezaineinianzaoyulefeidiandexiji。

zaiyiqingzuiyanzhongderizili,duodishangyanhejinrixiangsidejuqing,jiedaorenyanxishao,xueshengtingke,dianpuguanmen。fuxihuoxi,neichangzainanqueyiyizhongqitedefangshi,ziyangzhezhongguohulianwangdeshengzhang。yinyimingyuangongbeiganran,alibabaxuanbuquantiyuangongzaijiabangong,jiuzheiyang,taobaowangzaimayundegongyulidansheng。

tongyangshenweihaolaobandeliuqiangdongyebeipoguanbisuoyoudianmian,meilekehudedonggezhinengjikunshoudeyuangongzuofan,chizhefandeyuangongyijuhuadianxingleta: weishenmebunengtongguohulianwangni,zheiyangbujiubuyongjianmianjiaoyilema?jiuzheiyang,liuqiangdongyudaoledianshang。

这一年对于李彦宏来说也是难忘。百度迎来流量年,流量比上一年涨了7倍之多,跻身成为全球最大的中文搜索引擎。

xiangbizhixia,renzhengfeijiumeizheimexingyunle,zaihainandaodeshatanshang,neitiandetachuanzheyijianhualihushaodehaitanfengtaozhuang,xiongqianguazhemojing,xiangyaobachengli16niandehuaweimaijidangshideshoujijutoumotuoluola——mingyundewuchangzonglingrenxixu,shijinianhoudejintian,huaweiyijingchengweishoujijutou,ermotuoluoladehuihuangyichengwangshi。

彩票平台gaicizai2003nian2yuedichuxianzaibeijing,talaicanjiaweiruanzhongguochenglishizhouniandeqingzhuhuodong,yeyuzhongguoguanfangdachengleduoxianghezuo,biruyuzhongguoqianshuzhengfuyuandaimabeianjihuaxieyi,yushanghaishizhengfuqianshubeiwanglu,youzaibeijingnaxialiantonghezhongguogongshangyinxinglianggedakehu——zheiweizhongguorenmindelaopengyouxianranshenanzaizheigeguojiazuoshengyidelujing。

彩票平台yangshi《jingjixinwenlianbo》bofangletazai2yue28rixiawucanjiadexinwenfabuhui,dangzhongguojizhewendaoweiruanzaizhongguodehuolidenghexinwentishi,gaicijiyuletaolushidehuida,zhiqiangdiaoxieyidezhongyaoxing,erhuibijutishuzi。

彩票平台“gaicishiruanjianyedetiancai,danzaimianduijianruidetiwenshi,tayeshidataijiquandegaoshou”,zheichengweihenduozhongguojizheduitadeyinxiang。

ruguoshuofabuhuixianchangdejizhebudebubaochikeqi,neime,2007nianchuxianzaibeidaxuetangdekangyizhejiubuneimeyouhaole。

彩票平台gaiciyanjiangxianchang,yourenchongjinhuichang,gaojubiaoyu,hanzhe“fanduibaoli,fanduilongduan,yaoqiuweiruankaifangyuandaima”。weiruanshexianlongduancaozuoxitongdezuofa,rangzheiweishoufuzaoyuleshijiefanweidezhize。zaimeiguo,tacengjingzaimoucihuiyiruchangshibeikangyizhededangaojizhong。

彩票平台fanduizherenwei,ruanjianyinggaiziyoufaxing,rangyuandaimaweisuoyourensuiyishiyong。

垄断之名不是盖茨在2007年时遭遇的最大挑战,更严峻的压力在那年埋下。苹果推出第一代iPhone,全球互联网向移动互联网的浩大迁徙由此开启,后来,曾经在PC时代滋润生活的微软、英特尔、戴尔、联想都被推向了转型的战场。

2008nian,zaishoufubaozuoshangzuole12nianzhihou,gaicibeizijidepaiyoubafeite“laxiamalai”。

彩票平台zheiyinian,alibabayinglaiyiweizhongyaoderenwu——wangjian。zaiweiruanyanjiuyuanneibu,tadaidezushidangmianhebier·gaicitaolunwentizuiduodexiaozu。zheiweiposhougaicixinrendezixueboshi,zai2008nianjieshulezaiweiruanshiniandeyanjiushengya,ciquweiruanyazhouyanjiuyuanchangwufuyuanzhangdezhiwu,qianshoualigongyuan“feitian”meng。

彩票平台zheiniandegaiciyejueyilikai,taxuanbucongweiruantuixiu,jinbaoliudongshixiwei。tatoushencishanshiye,congmingtianqiguanxinyimiao、cesuohehedianzhan。erweiruandezhongnianweiji,jiushijirenzhebaoermoxuyaojiejuedeketile。

3、【十二年】2008~2020

彩票平台gaicimeinengzai2010niandeqiutianbamayun、mahuateng、liyanhong、chentianqiaodengzhongguodalaoyaoqingdaozijidecishanwanyanlai。

彩票平台9yue,beijingjiaoqudebangwanyouxiexuliangyi,oushifengqingdelafeichengbaojiudian,chengweibafeiteyugaicijubanzhongguocishanwanyandedizhi。ciqianwangluoliuchuandemingdanxianshi,wanyanshouyaozhechuleshangshu4renzhiwai,haiyouwandadewangjianlin、suningdezhangjindong、wahahadezongqinghou、xinhuadoudechenshufadengren。

danzuizhongchuxidezhiyoupanshiyizhangxinfufu、niugensheng、chenguangbiaodengbudaoshiren。fangjiancaice,buyuanfuyandezhongguofuhaomenkenengshidanxinbeiquanjuan,bijingbafeiteyugaicidouyiluojuanzaicishanquanwenming。

neinian,leijundemingzimeiyouchuxianzaineizhangwangchuanmingdanzhishang。zaijinshangongsifuyi16nianhou,taganggangkaishixiaomidechuangye,suiranqibuwan,danxingyundeshitawadaole“erhaorenwu”linbin。

图:
小米“二号人物”林斌

tu: xiaomi“erhaorenwu”linbin

linbinzaiweiruanzhanguoleilei。taqiantouweiruanyazhougongchengyuan,3nianshijianyanfachule70duoxiangzhuanli,cenghuodeweiruanzuigaogongxianjiang——“jinxing”。tadejiaruxianranrangleijunxinxinbeizeng,houzheyidufangyan:

“bier·gaicideshidaiguoqule。”

leijunbingfeikuangtu。“hougaicishidai”li,weiruandeshenhuayidunanyiweixi,congbushouyonghudaijiandezune mp3bofangqi,tieganyonghudoubuxihuandewindows vista,daobeirenweishizainanxingchanpindewindows phone,weiruanlianlianbaibei。2009niantuixiangshichangdesousuochanpin bing yemeinengxianqishenmeshuihua。

xiangbizhixia,guoneidekejihulianwangzhanhuozhenghan。

马云的电商、李彦宏的搜索、马化腾的社交,三足鼎立时代开启。彩票平台更多年轻人拥抱了互联网创业大潮,其中不少人被盖茨的传奇所激励,海归青年陈欧曾经自勉,“盖茨相信微软距离破产只有18个月,而聚美更近”,更多人拥有微软工作背景,这个名单很长,包括张一鸣、李开复、余凯、汤晓鸥等人。

彩票平台yidonghulianwangjiangdilechuangyemenjian,rangwushucongmingdenianqingrentoushenqizhong,gongtongxianqixiongyongpengpaidechuangyedachao,yechengweizaofuyundongdeshouyizhe。

dayangbian,to b deshengyiyerangweiruanzhaodaolefusujihui。1992nianjiujiaruweiruandeyindurennadelazai2014nianjierenceo,henkuaikandiaoweiruanbingbushanzhangyouchengbengaoangdexiaofeiyewu,jiangyunjisuanzuoweitupokou。

sinianhou,quanqiuyunjisuanshichangxingchengyamaxunyuweiruandeshuangguatoujumian。weiruanzhongxinchengweizibenshichangdechonger,yupingguoxieshoumairu“wanyimeijinjulebu”。

在中国,移动互联网的下半场厮杀激烈。百度掉队,字节跳动崛起,美团、滴滴等新兴独角兽疯狂攻城拔寨。微软继续在中国市场寻找机会,亲儿子Bing 被系统更换成百度,微软小娜(Cortana)嵌入美团,摇身一变成为外卖小妹。微软甚至与滴滴合作推出 Office 插件,用户可以通过 Outlook 打车。

danzheixiediedangqifu,fenfenraorao,yijingyugaiciguanxibuda。

2018nian,weiruanyazhouyanjiuyuan20suishengri,gaicimeiyougongkailumian。tajiangquanbureqingtoushencishan,houlaishucidaofangzhongguoyedoushiyinweicishan。

彩票平台2014nianxiatian,gaicicengjingzaibeijingyumayungongjinwancan,suihouzai twitter shanggankai,zheishiyici“weidadehuihua”。

gaicicengjinggankai,“zhongguodefurengoumailehenduoxifangguojiafuwengpinweidedongxi: yishupin、sirenfeiji、putaojiuheaimashishoudai。dantamenhaimeiyoujieshouyigezuizhongyaodedongxi,neijiushicishan。”duoshupanduandouyouqishixiaoxing,gaicidezheijuxiluoyishiruci。mayunhoulaitoushencishan,tuixiuhoulidugengda,chengweiduicizuizhijiedefanbo。

cishanbingbubishangyejiandan。

彩票平台jilupian《biergaici》zaijieweichubiaodaleduigaicicishanshiyedezhiyi:

彩票平台“nidefeizhougongcejiejuefanganxuyaojiangchengbenzuodao500meijincainengtuixing,dannizhizuodaole5wan;zaiyafeidiqu,nituidongdehuijizhiyimiaojihua,zaibinglichixuxiajiangleduonianzhihou,youchuxianlefandan;nidetailadianli,lianyigexiangmudoumeitanxialai。”

tongyangdezhiyiyechuxianzaiciciyiqingzhizhong。danggaicigongkaizaimeitilianxianzhongchengzanzhongguodefangyicuoshi,jianyimeiguozhengfujiejian,zhongguorenmangzheweizheiwei“laopengyou”dianzan,xinfudemeiguominzhongquebingbuduo。zaishehuiyingxiangdefanchouli,“rentong”bingfeiyishi,taxuyaoquanweiyuxiyinli——zhengruweiruanyugaicizhiyuzaoniandezhongguohulianwangchuangyezhe。

danwangshibubizaiti。shangyeyehao,cishanyeba,bianhuacaishiyongheng。

yourenlaile,yourenzoule,yourenyongpangaoshan,yourenchangyanghuhai,yiqiedouhaiyoubianshu。

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评论(4

  • 域Yu 域Yu
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    1

    zuoshuzibiaojidedifangchuxianlebiezi!! wangyigujialianxu9geyuediepo1meiyuan,zai2002nianbeitingpai。gengduohaimeishangshidezhongguogongsizaoyulerongzikunnan,liyanhongnazhexiangmushuzhaodao idg deyangfei⑴,houzhekaolvle3geyuecairuchang,qianyueqianneiwan,yangfei⑵haishimianlezhengsu,dangshibaiduhaizhishiyigeweiqitawangyetigongsousuoyinqingdejishucaipiaopingtaishang,meiyouzijidemenhuwangye,zheibi150wanmeiyuandetouzi,wuyiyudubo。

    2019-04-16 14:50 via android
  • hJVKgN hJVKgN
    回复
    1

    fanzhengbeijixiongshikaobuzhude!

    2019-04-15 10:07 via pc
  • 彩票平台nidexitongcaipiaopingtaibaipiaole

    2019-05-10 03:59 via android
  • bucuobucuo

    2019-04-15 10:08 via pc

Oh! no

ninshifouquerenyaoshanchugaitiaopinglunma?

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