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大家都想成为YouTube

摘要: 巨大流量的背后,是谷歌和YouTube共同的技术能力、广告体系,以及背后的硬件、资源的支撑。最重要的还有全球化业务之下带来的巨大的规模优势,和逐渐降低的边际成本形成的盈利能力。

图片来源@视觉中国

tupianlaiyuan@shijuezhongguo

wen|lishishangyepinglun,zuozhe|jinmei

zicong2006nianyoutubebeigugeshougouhou,bushaozhongguogongsidouxiangzuozhongguobandeyoutube。bishideshipinpingtairutudou、youkudeng,kaishilezhangdashiniandeyoutubemoshitansuo,zhidao2016nianfangqiugc,jiangmubiaozhuanxianglenaifei。

2016nian,weibojiebangtichuyaocongzhongguodetwitter,bianshenzhongguobandeyoutube,bingkaishileduanshipinshishui;yinpinpingtailizhiyeshuozijishiyinpinbandezhongguoyoutube;bzhan、xiguashipinjiangdeyeshizhongguobanyoutubedegushi;zuijinaiqiyiyoukaishijinjunzhongshipin,xiangyoutubekanqi……suiranguoneiyinshipinxingyeduiyuyoutubemoshidechangshiyizhimeiyoutingzhiguo,danjibenshangdoushiwugongerfan。 

youtubeshiquanqiuzuidadeshipinwangzhan,liuliangquanqiupaimingdisan,jinciyufacebookhegoogle。youtubemeiyueyizhuceyonghudefangwenliangjibenwendingzai18yiyishang。2019nianquanqiushipinliumeitiyonghuguankanshijianpaixingbangdanzhong,youtubegengshiliyatengxunxinwen、tengxunshipin、aiqiyi、xiguashipindeng,wenjubangshou。erzaiqianwumingshipinwangzhandedanduduibizhong,youtubegengshizhanjuleqianwuyingyongzongshijiande70%。

zuijin,gugeshoucixianggongzhongzhanxianyoutubecaibaoshuju。2019cainian,youtubejinguanggaoshourujiuda151.5yimeiyuan(bubaokuodingyueshourudengfeiguanggaoshouru),jiaoqunianzengzhang35.8%,bi2017nianzengzhanglechao85%。qiyingshouzhangugemugongsialphabetnianzongshourude9%,zhandaole2019nianmeiguosuoyoudianshiguanggaozhichu700yimeiyuande20%yishang。youtubezuoweiwuyongzhiyidechaojipingtai,zhengchengweiweilaigooglezhongyaodezengzhangyinqing。

“20个月赚130亿”的创业故事

2004nian2yue1ri,zhenni·jiekexunzaichaojiwanzhong,shangyanle“lourushijian”,shipinpianduanzaiwangshangfengkuangchuanbo。danshihenduorendadianhua、fayoujian、shangwang,douwufakandaozheigeshipin。haiyourenyudaolehaixiaozheiyangjingqideshiqing,quewufafenxiangshipin。duiyushipinfenxiangdekewang,hewufaqingsonghuoqushipindekumen,tongyangkunraozhepaypalgongsidesangenianqingren。

jiaweide·kalimuxiangyaokanyigeweicanjiadepaiduishipin,chenshijun、chade·helichangshitongguodianziyoujianfajita。danyouyuwenjianguoyupangda,youjianzongbeituihui,changshizaixianchuandishipintongyangzaoyukunnan。yushiliangrenkaishizaihelidechekuzhongyiqiyanjiu,juexinshejichugengjiandandejiejuefangan。jiuzheiyang,2005nian2yue,youtubechanshengle,yiyijiushi“nidedianshiji”(meiguorenchengdianshiweitube)。

彩票平台youtubechanshengzaiyigefeichangnandedejiyuli。2005nianchukuandaikaishipuji,flashjishuzaizheiyinianyongyoule75%deshichangzhanyoulv,luyingjishuhesheshiyekaishipuji。youtuberumuchunfeng。bijingshipinneirongbiwenzi,yougengqiangdeshengmingliheliudongxing。

helizaiyoutubedanrenceo,tacengjingshipaypaldeshouxishejishi,yinciduiwangyeshejidexinyingshou。chenshijunzefuzeyoutubedejishuyanfa。youtubedediyibuyingpianshiyoukalimuzai2005nian4yue23rishangchuande,zhangduzhiyou19miao。yingpianzhong,kalimuzhanzaijiazhoushengdiyagedongwuyuandedaxiangqianshuo: “zheixiejiahuoyouhaozhanghaozhanghaozhangdebizi,haoku”。

sanweichuangshirendoucengjingjiuzhiyupaypal,tamendouduiyonghuzhishangdechanpintiyan,shenxinbuyi。paypalrangwangluozhifubiandejiandankexing,youtubeyaorangshipinfenxiangbianjiandan。5yue,youtubefangqilejiaoyouheyuehuidefangxiang,gaichengyineirongweihexindejiaoyoufangshi。

6yue,youtubezhongxinshejilewangzhanfabucelve: chuangzaoyigeshipinfenxiangpingtai;tongguoxiangguanshipintuijian,zengjiayonghukandaodeneirong;guliyonghucaipiaopingtai,zengjiashipinpinglungongneng;tigongshipinzhuantiedaima、yijiandianjifenxiang。

彩票平台tongguojishugongke,youtubezhichigezhongleixingshipinwenjiandeshangchuanyubofang,yonghukeyizaishangmianziyoudifenxianggeleizijidewangzhan,shipinhaikeyiwufenglianjiedaorenhewangye。yourenjuedeyoutubede“kaifangyinyong”shizisha,yinweiyonghuwuxudenglupingtai,jiukeyiguankantadeneirong。danshiyoutubebingbuzheimekan,tamenrenweiyunxugukedaochuquzhuanshipin,shizunzhongyonghuxuqiudebiaoxian。genghekuangzheihaishigehenhaodemianfeiguanggao,shenzhichanshengbingduchuanbodexiaoguo。lingwai,youtubedangshimeiyoujiaohushideshejiaoliantiao,suoyiweiyouchedikaifang,cainengjieshangbiedeshejiaopingtaideli。

彩票平台youtubehaishejilekeqianrubofangqi,jiangdileyonghuguankanshipindemenjian,henduopingtaishiyongyoutubezuoweizijideshipintuoguancaipiaopingtai,weipingtaidailaijudadeliuliang。2005nian,shejiaowangzhanmyspacehenshouhuanying,henduoyonghuzaiyemianzhongfangzhileyoutubedeneirong,myspaceyishidaoleweixie,jinzhilecixingwei,yinqileyonghudedaliangfandui。

ugcluxianhebingdushichuanbo,weiyoutubedailaibaofashizengzhang。youtubewangzhanshipindetag(biaoqian)、fenxiang、pinglun、dingyue、zuqundengshehuicaipiaopingtaigongneng,xingchengleshipinsns(shehuiwangluocaipiaopingtai)xitong,barentongguoshipinneironglianzaiyiqi。cihouyoutubeshehuihuameitideshuxingyuelaiyuemingxi。

彩票平台2005nian8yue,youtubedediyigequanzhiguyuan,chuangshirenzhiyihelidedidi,weitamenladaolehongshanziben350wanmeiyuandediyiluntianshitouzi。zheiyinian,tamenjiangpengzhedabaxianjindeguanggaoshangjuzhimenwai,jiangquanbudejingli,douzhuanxianglejishuwendingheyemianshejishang,tishengyonghutiyan。guoqurenmenfenxiangshipin,daozhimubiaowangzhandangjideqingkuang,zaiyemeiyoufashengguo。“fenxiang”qudai“fabu”shipindeugccelvexia,youtubexunsuzhuangda,tachengweirenmenmianfeidehuiyicunchukuhezuopinfabuchangsuo。

2006nian5yueshujuxianshi,meiguozaixianshipinwangzhanzhong,youtubezhanyouzuidadeshichangfene(42.9%),jihuweidiermingmyspaceshipinfene(24.2%)deliangbei,chaoguosidamenhuwangzhanshipinfenedezonghe(yahoo!+weiruanmsn+google+aoldezonghewei29.6%)。

但随着用户的上传,版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

bishi,ruanyin、yahu、xinwenjituan,doucengjingheyoutubeshangtanshougoushiyi。zuihou2006nian10yue,gugeyi16.5yimeiyuan(yuehe132yirenminbi)dejiage,yixunleibujiyanerzhishijiangyoutubeshourunangzhong。zheishigugechenglibanianyilai,zuidadeyibishougou,erbishiyoutubedeyuangongzhiyou30ren。jiuzheiyangduanduan20geyue,sangexiaohuozichuangzaole16.5yimeijindeshangyechuanqi。eryoutubezegengoogleyiqitashanglexindezhengcheng。

找到对的人,开始下半场

彩票平台googleduiyoutubedeshougou,shiyigefeichangjingcaidegushi。zicongchuanchugooglejijiangshougouyoutubedexiaoxi,dangtiangoogledegujiajiushangzhangle2%,jiashangjiaoyizhihou,lianxu2gejiaoyirideshangzhang,yiranggoogledeshizhizengjialejin40yimeiyuan。zheibigoogleshougouyoutubejiagede2beihaiyaoduo。yourenshuo,shigugenazhehuaerjiedeqianshougouleyoutube。

彩票平台duiyuzuidadesousuochuangxingongsihezuidadeshipinpingtai,liangzhedejiehequeshishizhulianbihe。

彩票平台googledechenggongmijuezaiyu: tayouzijideyitaobanfaxiyinyonghucanyuqizhong;googletigongdeneirongbujinnengmanzuyonghudehaoqixin,hainengxiyintamenbuduanfangwen。zheigechenggongmijueyizhizaibianhua,yeyongyuanbuhuigongkai。danzheixiemijue,haiyoujudadeliuliangqingxie,biranjiangwuchangtigongjiyoutube。erjinrugooglexitong,youtubeyehuanjielezijinderanmeizhiji

除了资金问题,YouTube最棘手的就是大量的版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

由于没有办法完全控制用户的内容上传,YouTube的侵权、色情问题一度非常严重。2007年,YouTube上线版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

zaigooglejiachixia,youtubezailiumeitijishuyanjiushangyizhichuyushijielingxianshuiping。danliangzhexiangjia,suochanshengdebaofaliyuanbuzhiyuci。

彩票平台dangshigoogledechanpinyijingwanchenglequanqiuhua。youtubejiarugoogledediyijianshiqing,jiushijiangzijifanyichenggezhongyuyan,xiangquanshijietuiguang。tamenchulexuyaojiejuecaipiaopingtaiqizaina,haixuyaoyanjiugeguodefalv,bimianwenhuachayidaozhidemafan。zheigeguochengzhonggoogleshiyigewanmeideyinluren。

彩票平台2007nian9yue,youtubejinruyingguo、riben、baxi、aodaliyadengshiduogeguojia。2010nian5yue,youtubederiliulanliangchaoguo20yici,shimeiguosandaguangbocaipiaopingtaidezonghe。youtubeyonghu60tianshangchuandeshipinshizhang,bisandaguangbocaipiaopingtai60niandeneirongshizhanghaiyaozhang。youtubewangzhanhaikeyizidongfanyicheng51zhongyuyan,lingtazaiquanqiuxunsumanyan。

bansuizhequanqiuhailiangyonghudezengzhang,cengjingrangyoutubejubuweijiandekuandaichengben,biranshuizhangchuangao。zaiwaijiecaiyiyoutubenankandecaiwushujudeshihou,youtubequegaosuwaijie,daikuandingjiamoshi“bushiyongyucaipiaopingtai”。

彩票平台gugeguoqucengjinggoumaileyixiedianxingongsitouzicaipiaopingtaidanbingweitourushiyongdeguangxian,yejiesucheng“anguangxian”。gugebudankeyiliyongguangxian,jiangshujuchuansongdaoshijiegedi,haiyongzheixieguangxianheqitadeispqiandingkuandaijiaohuanxieyi。zheiranggugedekuandaichengbenjihuweiling,suoyoudefeiyongzhishiguangxianheluyouqidezhejiu。

suoyianzhaochuantongmoshijisuanchulaidejingrendedaikuanchengben,zaiyoutubebingbucunzai。erqie,2010nian2yue,googleyihuangudefangshi,jiangmeiguozhumingdeshipinyasuojishuchangshangon2shourunangzhong,bangzhuyoutubejinyibujiangdikuandaichengben。2013nian,weitigaoyoutubehegmailzaidayataidiqudecaipiaopingtaisudu,gugezaizhongguotaiwan、xianggang、xinjiapojianzaoshujuzhongxin,jinyibujiangdichengben。

彩票平台gugeshougouyoutubezhihou,2011nian6yue,googlejianlilegoogle+,liangzhexiangjieheshigugejubeileshejiaogongneng。zaigugeyewubankuaibuduankuodadetongshi,liangzhedejieheshiyoutubesuoxiangpimi。

yezhengshigugedejiachi,shiyoutubedechenggongjuyouzhongduodebukefuzhixing。xiangyaobaishouqijiazaoyigeyoutube,ziranfeichangdenan。

商业化: YouTube的疼痛与未来

彩票平台2007nian,jiasiting·bibozaiyoutubeshangdebiaoyanshipinzouhong。youtubetixianlerenmenyuwangzhanshi、fenxiang、chongbaihejujue“wuliao”dexin。zhongduoshipinaihaozheyongruyoutube,minruidezhengzhijiamenyelaile。chuleyingguohuangshikaitongyoutubezhanghao,aobamajingrankaishitongguoyoutubezhuli2008niandezongtongjingxuan,youtubedeshehuiyingxianglikejianyiban。

suizheyonghuliangdezengda,youtubecongzaoqigongxiangjiatingluxiangdewangzhan,xiangzhuliuyuletigongshangzhuanxing。takaishihexiangguanjigoukaizhanhezuo,geren、jigouneirongshengchanshuangqudaobingzhong。2007nian5yue,youtubetuichushouruhuibaojihua,ruguoshipinyou100duowancibofang,yonghudagaikeyihuodeshuqianmeijinhuibao。youhenduoneirongzhizuozhe,yincidadaolebaiwanmeiyuanyishangdeshouru。

彩票平台guanggaoshourufenchengshiyoutubedezhuyaoyinglimoshi,yuyonghudeneirongfenchenggulilegengduozhuanyeshipinpaishezhejinru。youtubegouchengleyigefuzadeneirongshengtai,biaomiankanshigerenzhuanyeshengchanzhe,buduandixiangpingtaishusongneirong、huodefencheng。shijishangzheixieshengchanzhe,huijuzaigezhongmcnjigouqixia。zheixiemcnjigouyoujingyanfengfudehaolaiwuzhizuorenchuangli,jianjuneirongguanli、mingxingjingji、guanggaodailidengzhineng,jiangshouruyuneirongshengchanzhe、pingtaijinxingbilifencheng。zheiyangneirongshengchanzhedemeiyibishouru,youtubedounengfenyibeigeng,congerxingchenglezhengxunhuan。

彩票平台shougouyoutubezhiqian,googlejingjiaguanggaoxitongadwordsjiuyijingshiyitaigaoxiaoyunzhuandeyinchaojile,zaijingjiaguanggaodesuanfayouhua、dianjilvyugumoxingshangzaoyiqingcheshulu。beigoogleshougouhou,youtubeyekaishilejingjiasousuopaimingdefangshi,zhuanqushipintuiguangfeiyong。ciwai,youtubeyezaizhuyezhongjianweizhi,weiguanggaoyonghutigongguanggaowei。bingtongguoweiguanfangpinpaidepindao,tigongshipinfabupingtai、yonghushujufenxi,shouquzengzhicaipiaopingtaifeiyong。

2008年起,YouTube推出了电子商务分成彩票平台,用户观看视频,点击屏幕下方的购买按钮后,YouTube获得相应的分成。通过为用户提供长视频租赁彩票平台,与环球、索尼、华纳兄弟等版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

2006nianbeishougouhou,youtubeyiranbaochizhedulideyunyingtuandui。danzaipingtaiheyonghuyunweidegaoangchengbenxia,zhidao2010nianyiranwufayingli。suihou,gugexuanbuqigaojifuzongcaisalaer·kamanjiadanrenyoutube ceo,quanmiantuidongyoutubeyewufazhan。kamanjiacengzaigugedechanpinhuobihuashang,zuochuguotuchugongxian,kaifachugugelichengbeishideyingxiaogongjuadword。

kamanjiajinruyoutubezhihou,zhudaoleyoutubedeyemiangaiban,gaibianleneirongzaluanwuzhangdezhuangtai。2011nian,gugetouzi1yimeiyuan,jiaqiangyoutubedeyuanchuangneirongcaipiaopingtai。youtubexinzengle100duogepindao,fugaitiyusaishi、shitingyuledengneirong。tongguofengfudeneirongtixi,shiguanggaojuyougengjiajingzhundedingwei,congertishengguanggaoshouruhuilongzijin。

彩票平台tahaizhankaiyuzhuanyemeitidehezuo,2012nian10yue,youtubexiangchuanmeigongsihemingrentigongshuyimeijindezijinzhichi,bangzhutamenzhizuogaozhiliangjiemu,tigaoguanggaoshouru。tongshizengqiangleguanggaoyewufanwei,tansuogengduodeyinglimoshi,rucanyushishipinguanggaohepinpaipindao(pinpaijiangguanggaozuoweineirongxiyinyonghudecanyuhudong)、chuantongxieyifenchengmoshi(pingtaiyuneirongtigongzhefenxiangguanggaoshouru)、adsencemoshi(daiguanggaodeneirongyupingtaigongxiangshouyi)、wenzi(danmu)guanggaodeng。gongsiyinglidedaoleshiwuqianlidetisheng。

danyouyuugcneirong,xiyinlihezhiliangdengyuanyinduiguanggaozhudexiyinli,gendaxingzongyijujipingtaixiangbi,haishixiangchashenyuande。zheichengweizhiyueyoutubeguanggaoyewudepingjing。2010nian12yue,gugetuichutureviewguanggaomoshi,chengle“jiumingdaocao”。youtubekaichuangle“5miaoketiaoguoguanggao”dexianhe,tongguomaixiaoguoguanggao,laitigaoguanggaodezhenzheng、youxiaopuguang。guanggaozhuwuxuweitiaoguodeguanggaofufei,jiguanggaozhuzairoijisuan、yusuankongzhifangmiantigonglegengyouhaodetiyan。

彩票平台zaiguanggaojingjiapaimingzhong,wanbolvgaodeguanggaozhujiuhuigengshouyoutubedehuanying,yinweizheiyiweizhegenggaodeshouyi。bijinggugejileidejudadeguanggaozhuguimo,zuyizhichengtaxingchengzugouzhangdejingjiaduilie。yinci,guanggaozhujiuhuipinmingdiyouhuazijideguanggaosucai,tishengwanbolv。oubaoqichehaiyinweiheyoutubetiaoguanggaoanjiande“hudong”,naxiajianaguanggaojiededajiang。

tongshizaiyewufanweishang,youtubeyebuduankuozhangzijideshangyebantu。2012nian,youtubetuiguangdianshiheyidongshebeidepeidui,jinjundianshiyewu。rangguanzhongzaiyidongshebeishangzhaodaoxiangkandeshipin,bingtoufangdaodianshishang。9yue,youtubetuichuleyidongkehuduan,meitianyouchaoguo10yirencifangwen,zhanqizongliuliangde25%。kehuduanbaohanguanggaogongneng,zheibufenrenchengweileguanggaodianjidegongxianzhe。youtubedeshangyejiazhijidatisheng。

彩票平台2018nian,youtubeshipindebozhuchengxianchugaochanhezhuanyehuadequshi。chaoguo100wanbozhuweipingtaitianchongyouzhineirong,qizhongbufadingjidezhizuotuandui。tongguofufeidingyuecaipiaopingtaiyoutube premium、youtubeyouxi、youtubeyinleheyoutube tvdengyewubianjiedebuduantuozhan,shiyoutubedeyuehuoyonghuheshangyejiazhidoudedaoqiansuoweiyoudetisheng。

2019nian5yue,yousandachangpianjutouhuanqiu、huanahesuonizujiandezaixianyinleshipinwangzhanvevoxuanbuxiangyoutubetoujiang。qixiasuoyoudeyinleshipinquanburuzhuyoutubepingtai,tongshiguanbiziyingdeyidongduanhewangzhanyewu。youtubedechaojipingtaixiaoyingduizhongduoxifenlingyudecongyezhe,xingchenglebutongchengdudetiaozhan。

当然YouTube也不是没有问题。虽然头部内容具有较高的播放量和订阅量,但是大量的长尾内容得不到有效分发。其版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

彩票平台2019nian,youtubedeguanggaoyingshouwei151.5yimeiyuan,tameiniancongqimeiweiyonghushenshanghuodedeshourubudao8meiyuan。duibizhixia,facebook 2019niandeguanggaoyingshouyujiwei672.5yimeiyuan。facebookde24.5yiyuehuobiyoutubegaochu36%,danguanggaoyingshouquebitagaochu343.9%。duiyuyoutubelaishuo,weilaihaiyouluyaozou。

结语

经过13年的发展,YouTube基本解决了成立初期的诸多问题,例如版权所有:彩票平台_彩票平台排行-【首充包赔】

彩票平台tongguo“neirongxifen+fufeicaipiaopingtai”zuhe,youtubekeyiwajuechufanrongpangzadeugcneirongdeshangyejiazhi,bingbangzhuchuangzuozhetishengchuangzuonengli。tongguoqiangzhixinghezuoxieyi,ganzouduipingtaijiazhibudadeneirongyingxiaozhe。zaitongguogengyouxiyinlideshourufenchengsuozhushipinchuangzuozhe,shizhiyuanyuanbuduandishengchanneirong。

biaomianshangkan,youtubejiushigeneirongpingtai,danchengqijudaliuliangdebeihou,shigugeheyoutubegongtongdejishunengli、guanggaotixi,yijibeihoudeyingjian、ziyuandezhicheng。zuizhongyaodehaiyouquanqiuhuayewuzhixiadailaidejudadeguimoyoushi,hezhujianjiangdidebianjichengbenxingchengdeyoutubedeyinglinengli。

zaizhongguoxiangyaojiangyoutubedegushibingburongyi。shouxian,zaiyoutubedejishuheyonghudechayizhixia,zhongguobanyoutubedeyewufazhanbirangengjiajianxin。qici,kuisunwentikunraoleyoutubehenduonian,zaigoogledezhichengxia,youtubedeyingligushicaijiangyuan。zheiduizhongguoweilaideyoutubedetiaozhankenenghuigengda。

zaiquanqiuhuafangmian,beikaogooglehoutai,youtubedeyuyan、guimo、xianfayoushidouhenmingxian,zhongguoyinshipinpingtaixiangjiangtongyangdegushi,daoluhuigengjianxin。zuihou,youtubedeqianfangmeiyoulingwaiyigeyoutube,erqishenhoudemeiyigepingtaidouyaozaiyingzhetongchideyinyingzhongjiannanqiusheng。

jinguanbuyi,dancaipiaopingtaihaishizhuyuanneixienuli、xiangshandezhongguoyoutubemen,nengweiyonghuchuangzaochugengduojiazhi,bingqiezaijiannanzuaimianqianpaochuyitiaodujutesedechenggongzhilu。

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砺石商业评论
砺石商业评论

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